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城市湿地公园分类与营建模式研究 【作者】王胜永 【导师】王浩

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城市湿地公园分类与营建模式研究水利论文;Ka] Mf

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【作者】王胜永导师王浩
5~9M XR.]RJ0【作者基本信息】南京林业大学,园林植物与观赏园艺,2008年,博士

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:V!fkOd0【中文摘要】 湿地公园是以具有显著或特殊生态、文化、美学和生物多样性价值的湿地景观为主体,具有一定规模和范围,以保护湿地生态系统完整性、维护湿地生态过程和生态服务功能,并在此基础上以充分发挥湿地的多种功能效益、开展湿地合理利用为宗旨,可供公众游览、休闲或进行科学、文化和教育活动的特定湿地区域。湿地公园是国家湿地保护体系的重要组成部分,与湿地自然保护区、保护小区、湿地野生动植物保护栖息地以及湿地多用途管理区等共同构成了湿地保护管理体系。发展建设湿地公园是落实国家湿地分级分类保护管理策略的一项具体措施,也是当前形势下维护和扩大湿地保护面积直接而行之有效的途径之一。本课题提出城市湿地公园以资源保护为出发点,寻找保护与开发的平衡点;继而提出系统的保护策略:合理规划城市用地、科学设计湿地景观、恢复乡土物种种群、持续监控与测定、有效解决人类干扰、系统建立保护法规和公众参与广泛保护。本课题借鉴了国外和国内的成果实例,通过对国内25个城市湿地公园的系统勘察、资料调查汇总,采用了数理统计方法,对某些含糊其辞的概念给予了澄清。被调查的实例中,有18例是在国内有影响的规划设计或建成以后享誉中外的成功作品。在一定程度上,代...更多表了我国城市湿地公园的发展水平。另有7例,是本课题在研究过程中本人应用和实践的项目,有着切身的体会和经验。本课题力图明晰我国目前湿地公园资源保护、分类营建和技术应用方面的状况及存在问题,探讨科学的类别划分及相应的营建模式,为以后合理的技术应用提供依据,为保护好湿地资源、建设好湿地公园打下坚实的基础。目的就是分门别类地解决城市湿地公园建设所面临的具体问题,如:究竟如何在湿地自然特性和生态特征显著的湿地区域规划建立湿地公园;如何在具有生态恢复可能性的退化湿地区域采取拯救性生态恢复措施并建立湿地公园;如何在具有典型的地理地带性特征,且具有合理利用潜力的生态脆弱湿地区域规划建立湿地公园;如何在保护湿地生物多样性的同时加强湿地区域地方文化遗产保护等等。相信有了切合实际的模式划分:自然保护模式、水生态保育模式、休闲公园模式和废水回用模式,并针对性地采取技术措施,上述问题的解决将变得直接而简单。在城市规模快速扩大的今天,开展城市湿地公园建设和湿地资源保护利用的研究,对于落实国家湿地分级分类保护管理策略无疑是至关重要的。希望本课题研究及大量具体问题的解决能够充实城市湿地公园资源保护和规划设计的理论体系,促进其建设行为更加科学合理,更加接近于永续利用的发展轨道。  还原水利论文$H z f3RN&Gj] U

x/`C)[a$o0【英文摘要】 Wetland Park is some special wetland regions which give priority to the wetland landscape with marked or special ecological, cultural, aesthetic and biodiversity value, along with certain scale and scope, protect the ecosystem integrality, and maintain the ecological process and ecological serving function. Based on this, to fully play its multifunction and benefits, to make reasonable use of wetland, to carry out the tourism, recreation or scientific, cultural and educational activities are also the purposes of developing wetland.Wetland Park is the important part of the national wetland protective system which constitutes the wetland protective management system together with wetland nature reserve, reserve zone, wetland wild animal and botany habitat, and wetland multipurpose precinct. Developing and constructing Wetland Park was an idiographic measure to carry out national wetland protective managing policy, and is also an effective way to maintain and expand the wetland protective...更多 area currently. This study put forward that urban wetland park should take resource protection as a starting point to look for the best balancing point of protection and exploitation. Then it brings up systematic protective strategies, such as laying out reasonably city ground, designing scientifically wetland landscape, recovering native species, inspecting and controlling continuously city wetland, resolving rationally human interference, and establishing city wetland protective regulations. The public should participate in the protection of wetlands.This research, on the basis of comprehensive study of overseas and domestic achievements, clarified some quirkish concepts via systematic statistic methodology and investigating domestic 25 urban wetland parks. Among the facts investigated, 18 examples were domestic influential lay outings or successful works famous all over the world. To a certain extent, they represented the development level of our national wetland park. And the other 7 examples were items applied and practised during this study. So we have some rich experience.The study attempts to clear up the status and problems on national wetland resource protection, classified construction and ecological technological application at the present, to explore scientific sorting and relevant building modeling, to provide foundation for rational ecological technological application, and to establish stability basis for protecting wetland resource and constructing wetland park. The purpose is to settle the problems faced by the construction of urban wetland park, such as how to mark out and construct wetland park on wetland regions with marked natural trait and ecological character, how to adopt retrieval ecological recovery measures and construct wetland park on degradative wetland with probability to ecological recovery, how to mark out and construct wetland park on ecological fragile region with typical geographic terrain character and rational usage potential, how to protect wetland biodiversity and strengthen wetland regional cultural legacy protection simultaneity and so on. It is believed that if we have model division suitable to the occasion, such as reserve model, water maintaining model, recreational park model and waste recycle model, and then take technological steps pertinently, the settlement of the above-mentioned problems will become straight and simple.With the speedy expansion of city size, it is most important to undertake the study of constructing wetland park and protection and unitization of wetland resource for carrying out national wetland classified protective managing policy. The study and the settlements of a great deal problems will greatly enrich the theory of resource protection and layout of urban wetland park, ensure the constructive behavior to be more scientific, reasonable and more close to the path to sustainable development.  还原

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【中文关键词】 湿地公园; 分类; 营建模式
3@2Q2^p$Y8lN WJ0【英文关键词】 Wetland park ; Classification ; Construction-model

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TAG: 导师 模式 湿地公园 王浩 王胜永
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