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基于生态理念的湿地公园规划与应用研究 【作者】严军 【导师】薛建辉

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基于生态理念湿地公园规划与应用研究

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R(L y;_g[/?.z0【作者】严军导师薛建辉
4k$Uo2O}0【作者基本信息】南京林业大学,生态学,2008年,博士

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【中文摘要】 湿地是一种自然景观,是水陆相互作用形成的特殊自然综合体。湿地与森林、海洋一起并列为全球三大生态系统。湿地是介于陆地和水域自然生态系统间的过渡地带,是自然环境的重要组成部分,它具有独特的生态结构与功能,湿地也是受人类活动影响冲击最大的自然生态系统和景观类型,不断加剧的人类活动对区域湿地环境的影响越来越突出。近年来,人类活动对区域湿地环境的影响逐渐引起湿地科学家们的重视,而湿地公园的建设是伴随着大众生活质量的提高和旅游业的繁荣而出现的热门问题,湿地公园作为一个独特的生态系统,具有其它公园绿地无法比拟的生态功能和景观功能。由于湿地公园的规划建设是针对自然生态环境而进行的,因而也是十分敏感的问题。目前,在规划设计领域还缺乏对湿地公园设计的系统性研究,本文将湿地公园的设计与生态学理论紧密结合,试图探讨湿地公园规划的切实可行的途径。论文共分为三个部分:第一部分对湿地和湿地公园的有关概念、功能做出界定,以湿地公园作为研究对象,分析了当前国内外的研究及建设成果并指出目前规划建设中存在的问题和展望,探索湿地公园规划营建的发展方向。第二部分以生态学为指导从自然景观资源保护和生态环境保护的角度,较为全面地论...更多述了湿地公园生态化营建程序和详细营建方法,指出以生态设计为指导的多学科的融合设计才是湿地公园营建的可持续发展途径,该部分从生态学角度、城市规划层面及园林规划方面对湿地公园的多方位营建方法进行了探讨,并对湿地公园的设计程序、内容和评价进行了概述。第三部分主要结合实例对湿地公园的生态修复及景观营建方法,进行了理论到实践的探讨。(一)以金山湖湿地公园生态修复课题(该课题是《国家863示范工程--镇江水环境质量改善与生态修复技术研究及综合示范》下属分项内容之一)为基础,示范和验证所研究和集成的湿地面源污染控制和生态修复技术,为整个金山湖湿地公园后期建设中的污染控制、生态修复提供技术保障与支持,并为湿地公园水环境的改善提供范例。研究指出,尽管生物调控仍存在很大的争议且具有一定的不确定性,但是生物恢复技术与湿地景观密切相连,技术投资不大,适合在湿地公园的生态恢复中采用。(二)以马鞍山东湖湿地公园为例,从功能分区、保育规划、交通体系、植物规划、附属设施、人文景观等方面探讨了湿地公园景观、美学、休闲、科普等基础功能,指出湿地公园的景观规划设计应充分认同湿地自身的生态环境,最大限度地借助自然力量,引导自然潜能发挥作用,尽量减少对自然强加的不合理的设计,它是在生态原则指导下的对自然湿地的尊重、认识、理解与恢复的过程。最后,总结了本文研究的主要结论,并就我国湿地公园的健康发展提出了意见和建议。  还原水利论文a%jj*m'hFb

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【英文摘要】 Wetland is a type of natural landscape, a special natural synthesis that is formed by the interplay of land and water. Wetland, together with forest and ocean, are the three global ecological systems. A wetland is a transitional area between the natural ecological systems of land and waters, an important part of the natural environment. A wetland has unique ecological structures and functions, and is also a natural ecological system and landscape type that is most influenced by human activities. The impact of ever-increasing human activities on the wetland environment has gradually attracted wetland scientists' attention in recent years, and construction of wetland parks to improve people's living standards and boom tourism has become a hot issue. As a unique ecological system, wetland parks have ecological functions and sightseeing values that common parks or green belts can not compare.It is a quite sensitive problem that the layout or construction of wetland parks is carried out on ...更多the natural ecological environment. At present, there is still a lack of systematic research in planning and designing of wetland parks. This article tries to combines wetland parks planning with ecological theories to explore practical approaches in wetland park layout. This paper is divided into three parts:The first part defines concepts and functions of wetland and wetland parks. With more focus on the latter, it analyses current domestic and foreign researches and construction achievements, points out existing problems and prospects in the planning and construction, and then explores directions for future development in wetland park layout and construction.The second part discusses in detail the ecological construction procedures and particular construction measures for wetland and wetland parks, from the aspect of natural resource protection and ecological environment protection, and under the guidance of ecological studies. It point out that synthetic plans of multi-discipline guided by ecological designing is a sustainable developing approach to wetland park construction. This part discusses methods of wetland park multi-purpose construction from the aspect of ecology, urban planning, and landscape planning. Besides, this part summarizes the planning procedures, contents, and evaluation of wetland parks.Through actual examples, the third part discusses from theory to practice the ecological restoration and landscape constructing method of wetland parks.1, Based on the ecological restoration project of Jinshan Lake Wetland Park(this project is a subordinate part of the "The National 863 Demonstration Engineering—Improvement of Zhenjiang water environment quality & research on and synthetic demonstration of ecological restoration techniques"), this part demonstrates and validates the original wetland surface pollution control and ecological restoration techniques, and provides technical guarantee and support for pollution control and ecological restoration in the latter-period construction of Jinshan Lake Wetland Park as well as an example for the improvement of water environment in other urban wetland parks. The research points out that although biological modulation is still a quite controversial issue and is uncertain to some extent, it is closely connected to biological restoration techniques and wetland landscape. Since it needs small investment, it is a suitable method in ecological restoration of wetland parks.2, Taking Dohu Lake Wetland Park in Ma An Shan as an example, this part discusses aesthetic, refreshment, and science popularization functions of wetland parks from the aspects of function division, protection planning, traffic system, vegetation planning, accessory facilities and cultural interest. It points out that in the planning of wetland parks, the ecological environment of the wetland itself should be fully recognized and the natural factors be utmost exploited, thus by making good use of natural potentials, unreasonable designs forced on nature can be reduced to as much as possible. It is a process of respect, understanding and restoration of natural wetland under the guidance of ecological principles.Finally, the paper draws some major conclusions and puts forward some proposals and advice concerned with the healthy development of wetland parks in our country.  还原

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【中文关键词】 湿地; 湿地公园; 生态设计; 生态规划体系
%R J!i#^6m;}J Hw0【英文关键词】 wetland; wetland park; ecological design; plan system

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