盐城世界生物圈保护区十年评估与启示--《湿地科学与管理》2014年04期

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盐城世界生物圈保护区十年评估与启示水利论文Flnp~ }Y

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VV!e)EdX B7a0【摘要】:中国自然保护区建设已有近60年的历史,并成为我国最有效的保护生物多样性网络。如何对已建自然保护区,特别是快速演变的湿地类型自然保护区的保护成效进行评估已成为我们面临的最紧迫任务之一。中国人与生物圈国家委员会对其认定的保护区开展评估已有多年,但政府部门和学术界对此知之甚少。以中国人与生物圈国家委员会对以盐城世界生物圈保护区十年评估为案例,介绍了该组织对自然保护区保护成效评估方式与过程、特点,提出了我国湿地自然保护区今后如何开展保护成效评估的3点启示:1我国自然保护区事业必需转型到重建设和保护成效的新阶段;2对保护对象的科学研究和长期监测是提高保护成效的重要基础;3要特别重视滨海湿地的保护。

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F*h6t#aS*VC0南昌大学生命科学研究院流域生态学研究所;复旦大学生物多样性科学研究所;水利论文 YB'{ o;oWC;v

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2013年12月,作者应邀参加中国人与生物圈国家委员会组织的盐城世界生物圈保护区十年评估。基于以下原因:其一,国际组织如何评估自然保护区(以下简称“保护区”);其二,本文作者之一曾受国家环保部之请负责对盐城保护区的2007年首次重大调整的现场考察,非常关心调整后其保护成效

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