# 基于模糊原理的船舶搁浅预警方法：《大连海事大学学报》2012年01期

【摘要】：提出一种基于模糊理论的搁浅预警方法.从电子海图数据库中提取危险区域的地理矢量信息,建立运动目标与危险区域的几何模型,分析两者间的关系,建立相关因素的危险隶属度函数,用模糊理论计算目标的搁浅危险度(GRI).实验结果表明,GRI可以准确反映目标面临搁浅的可能性,可作为VTS管理人员判断船舶是否面临搁浅危险的重要参考.

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【分类号】：U698.6

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0引言船舶在海上发生碰撞、搁浅、触礁、火灾、沉没等事故,在海运界统称为海损事故,简称“海事”.搁浅事故在海事中占有相当的比例,在水域环境复杂的内河水域,搁浅事故的发生率更高.据我国某内河水域海事部门统计,该区域内搁浅事故占全部事故的60%以上.对于大型油轮,若发生搁

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