秸秆粉碎氨化还田对土壤养分淋溶损失的影响 Effect of Straw Returning after Comminution and Amination

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Iv$tf-{'Y0摘要:采用室内人工土柱模拟试验方法,研究了施加粉碎氮化秸秆后土壤中NPK的淋溶损失状况.结果表明,秸秆粉碎氨化还田后的土壤淋溶液中NO_3~-、PO_4~(3-)、K~+的各次淋溶质量分别较对照减少34.94%,57.48%,14.85%;处理土壤淋溶液中NO_3~-、PO_4~(3-)、K~+的累计质量均低于对照,分别约低26.23%.63.08%.8.00%.而NH_4~+的累计质量只较对照平均约低1.56%;秸秆粉碎氮化还田对土壤中NPK的淋溶损失均有不同程度的抑制作用,对PO_4~(3-)的抑制作用最明显,NO_3~-次之,K~+最后,对NH_4~+抑制作用不明显,最终有效降低了NPK的淋失率.Abstract:NPK leaching loss status was studied after the application of comminuted and aminated straw into soil by use of soil column simulation test. Results show that in comparison with the control,the dynamic leaching mass of NO_3~-,PO_4~(3-) and K~+ in the soil leachate decrease by 34.94% ,57. 48% and 14.85% respectively after the application of comminuted and aminated straw; the accumulating leaching loss of NO_3~-,PO_4~(3-),K~+ in soil leachate from treated soil are all less than the control by 26.23% ,63.08% and 8.00% respectively,while as for NH_4~+ the percentage is only 1.56%;straw returning after comminution and amination has a reduction effect on soil NPK leaching loss to different extents:as for PO_4~(3-), the reduction effect is the most significant,and in terms of NO_3~- it is less significant ,and when it comes to K~+ it is much less significant,while as for NH_4~+ it is not obvious. Ultimately, NPK leaching loss rate is effectively decreased.

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李玉梅[1] 冯浩[2] 吴淑芳[1]水利论文 [`V:O5j;[{Be0FP

uqS$Hk0Author:水利论文vI.pg0h!`

;a1W"|VGpV0LI Yu-mei[1] FENG Hao[2] WU Shu-fang[1]水利论文F0ii{.o.L'Hr#b E

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西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院,陕西杨凌,712100西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院,陕西杨凌712100;中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所,陕西杨凌712100

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Journal:水利论文;z"I1V L3vo+H

}5qT'~%s8|@~w0JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION

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Keywords:

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straw

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comminution水利论文7R0G4ZpT(G b*\ G

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amination水利论文u\$[P1S

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nutrient水利论文9zp d9Ak:|u

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dK\%a%| hV0秸秆粉碎 氨化 还田 土壤养分 淋溶损失 Leaching Loss leaching loss significant 抑制作用 application 土壤淋溶液 control 质量 模拟试验方法 comparison different 氮化 treated Results dynamic水利论文Ao!{-G(|9kf

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国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划),新世纪优秀人才支持计划

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3qu%Ffv8yuuT0秸秆粉碎氨化还田对土壤养分淋溶损失的影响

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sx!o]9O0[期刊论文] 水土保持学报 --2010, 24(1)水利论文$lu3c"@@,?+f3XhD$S

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)K2AL7K T`:UZy0采用室内人工土柱模拟试验方法,研究了施加粉碎氮化秸秆后土壤中NPK的淋溶损失状况.结果表明,秸秆粉碎氨化还田后的土壤淋溶液中NO_3~-、PO_4~(3-)、K~+的各次淋溶质量分别较对照减少34.94%,57.48%,14.85%;处理土壤淋溶液...水利论文%N{ y Yi%da

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