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地表水资源开发利用程度、限度和潜力分析 【作者】刘翠善 【导师】王建生; 耿雷华

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a+|)[M2a0地表水资源开发利用程度、限度和潜力分析

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O"@(it5D{o B0【作者】刘翠善导师王建生; 耿雷华
.X d^'??}4K$@0【作者基本信息】南京水利科学研究院,水文学与水资源,2007年,硕士水利论文Ju ?8WG){

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;C@l-hQe|0【中文摘要】 本文在阐述水资源开发利用现状和变化趋势的基础上,分析地表水资源开发利用程度涵义,并提出计算方法,指出地表水资源开发利用程度是一个针对闭合流域的概念,是以当地地表水供水量与当地地表水资源量的比值进行计算,使分析计算的地表水资源开发利用程度更具可比性。引入地表水资源可利用量的概念,从资源的角度分析当地地表水资源开发利用的限度。在讨论地表水可利用量概念、主要特征和影响因素的基础上,提出了河道内生态环境需水和汛期难于控制利用的洪水量的计算方法,从而建立了通过扣除河道内最小生态环境需水和汛期洪水弃水的多年平均地表水资源可利用量计算方法,并提出针对不同类型河流水系的地表水可利用量的计算方法。在对现状地表水资源开发利用程度和限度的研究的基础上,探讨了地表水资源开发利用潜力的内涵、主要特性和开发利用原则,提出了地表水资源开发利用潜力计算方法和评价标准,指出在地表水资源开发利用中还可继续开发利用区域以及需要限制开发的区域,并提出了符合实际的水资源开发、利用、管理、保护的对策与建议。应用提出的地表水资源开发利用程度、限度和潜力的计算方法,选择有代表性与现实意义的淮河流域,运用上述有关理论和方法进行了典型案...更多例分析,确定了淮河流域主要河流水系的地表水资源开发利用程度、地表水资源可利用量和开发利用潜力,提出了淮河流域地表水资源合理开发利用的建议与对策措施。  还原水利论文 y*TD~ar u6u

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【英文摘要】 Based on the present of water resources development, utilization and evolutionanalysis, the meaning and calculation methods of surface water resourcesdevelopment and utilization degree are proposed. It is a concept aiming at closedbasin. It can be calculated from the ratio of local surface water supply quantity andlocal water resources quantity, and then the result is of more comparability.The local surface water resources development and utilization limit is analyzedon the angle of resources by introducing the concept of available surface waterresources. On the basic of the discussion on available surface water resources concept,main characteristics and influencing factors, the calculation methods for instreamecological flow and abandoned water in flood season are raised, thus calculationmethod for average annual available surface water resources is established bydeducting minimum instream ecological flow and abandoned water in flood season,and then put up calculation methods of avail...更多able surface water resources aiming fordifferent types of river systems.On the foundation of the research for the present surface water resourcesdevelopment and utilization degree and limit, the concept, main characteristics andexploring principles of surface water resources development and utilization potentialare discussed, hence calculation method and evaluation criteria for surface waterresources development and utilization potential. The areas weather can be continue toexplore or should be limited are given from the potential, at the same time,countermeasures and suggestions on water resources development, utilization,management and protection according with the practical cases are proposed.The calculation methods of surface water development and utilization degree,limit, potential are applied in representative Huaihe River Basin. The surface waterdevelopment and utilization degree, available surface water resources and surfacewater development and utilization potential are determined, and then thecountermeasures and suggestion on reasonable surface water development andutilization are proposed.  还原水利论文!ski'U$Po

F&hO*R7c[0【中文关键词】 地表水资源; 开发利用程度; 可利用量; 开发利用潜力; 淮河流域水利论文:E|;JBbeg
【英文关键词】 surface water resources; development and utilization degree; available water resources; development and utilization potential; Huaihe River Basin
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TAG: 导师 水资源 王建生 耿雷华 刘翠善
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