清代陕南秦巴山地的人类行为及其与环境的关系 A preliminary study on the relationship between the human

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清代陕南秦巴山地的人类行为及其与环境的关系

A preliminary study on the relationship between the human behavior and environment in Qinling-Daba mountain region of southern Shaanxi in Qing Dynasty

对人类行为空间特征认识的不足,是地理学人地关系理论与实践研究的主要障碍.本文以文化、风俗、政策等影响人类行为的人文因素为切人点,运用时空剖面分析法,考察了清代陕南流民空间行为选择的基本取向.结果表明,人类空间选择行为遵循风俗相近原则,而不是地理环境最优原则.追求单位时间上效果最大化是流民行为选择的普遍趋势.人类空间行为的选择性强化了自然差异的等级和水平,不同区域人类行为结果的外部关联性,指出传统的仅从区域内部或某一种人类行为来寻求简单的"人一地"因果关系的缺陷.从系统或流域的观点来考察人类环境行为的相互影响关系,是认识和把握人地关系实质与机理的重要途径.水利论文.bgD._i#D;pI

作 者: 张力仁 ZHANG Li-ren  
作者单位:陕西师范大学西北历史环境与社会经济发展研究中心,陕西,西安,710062 
刊 名:地理研究  ISTIC PKU
英文刊名:GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH 
年,卷(期):2008 27(1) 
分类号:X1 
关键词:人类行为   空间选择   清代   陕南   秦巴山地  
机标关键词:清代陕南秦巴山地行为选择环境行为Qing Dynastysouthern Shaanximountain regionhuman behavior空间行为人地关系理论类空间效果最大化认识和把握最优原则因果关系选择行为行为结果人文因素区域 
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究基地基金,陕西师范大学校科研和教改项目 
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