近期潼关水沙变化对河床冲淤的影响(孙绵惠, 李春光,傅卫山, 张冠生)

热度264票 浏览1421次 【共348条评论】【我要评论 时间:2001年4月01日 09:23

近期潼关水沙变化对河床冲淤的影响

l}2t/c"EP5@$p}0

孙绵惠1, 李春光1,傅卫山1, 张冠生2
+H} K[X5wmwc0(1.黄委会三门峡库区水文水资源局 2.三门峡市交通局)
水利论文*},qF&uK

摘要:1986年以来,潼关水量和沙量大幅减少,洪峰少,流量小,历时短,含沙量高。1986~1999年汛期平均水量120亿m3,比前期减少40%~60%。日平均流量大于3000m3/s的出现天数和水量均减少90%以上。沙量变化较小,含沙量成倍增加,致使潼关高程汛期平均下降幅度明显偏小,比非汛期上升值偏小0.10m。比建库前汛期平均下降值偏小0.08m。若与控制运用初期相比,则偏小0.30m。为了适应入库水沙条件的不利变化,水库运用方式多次进行调整和改善,但河床淤积仍较1985年前严重,潼关高程逐年上升。尤其1994年以来,入库水沙量在前期大幅减少的基础上又有明显减少。潼关高程居高不下,长期变动在328.00~328.35m之间。水利论文+f3cV+e/d3M+d

关键词:水沙变化;河床冲淤;潼关高程;三门峡水库;黄河水利论文)Bnq!fk3{

作者简介:孙绵惠(1938-),男,黄委会三门峡库区水文水资源局高级工程师。水利论文.V {W4Jo+R.G&sh2J

  1974年以来,三门峡水库调水调沙控制运用。非汛期提高水位防凌、发电、灌溉、供水等;汛期降低水位防洪排沙,径流发电,取得了显著的经济效益和社会效益。随着国民经济的不断发展,黄河上中游大中型水利枢纽工程日益增多。受上游水库调节、工农业扩大引水的影响,以及气候干旱带来的变化,自1986年以来潼关汛期水量和沙量大幅减少。尤其日平均流量大于3000m3/s的出现天数和水量比前期减少90%以上。沙量变化较小,含沙量成倍增加。为了适应水沙条件的不利变化,水库运用方式多次调整和改善。1993年以来,非汛期防凌视黄河下游河道冰情尽量少蓄水;春灌最高库水位已基本降至322m以下;大于320m水位天数比前期减少30多天;汛期洪水敞泄排沙,增大了溯源冲刷的幅度与范围。但受水沙变化的影响,汛期河床冲刷明显偏小,是近期潼关高程居高不下的主要原因。

hW*e@dxo0

1 水沙变化情况水利论文%]\;wm(OT$}1g`G

1.1 水量与沙量水利论文w5KB1e5t4?-p7C

  潼关站多年平均水量372亿m3(1933年~1999年),沙量11.9亿t。其中,汛期水量206亿m3,占年水量的55.4%;汛期沙量10.0亿t,占年沙量的84.0%。水利论文WfA/_h

  建库初期来水来沙较丰。1960~1968年平均水量463亿m3,偏丰23.8%;平均沙量14.5亿t,偏丰21.8%。其中,汛期平均水量281亿m3,占年水量的60.8%,比多年均值偏大36.4%;平均沙量12.3亿t,占年均沙量的84.8%,比多年均值偏大23.0%。水利论文bT J)S^8U,P xZ#u]

  1968年10月和1986年10月刘家峡和龙羊峡水库相继投入运用。两库联合运用具有多年调节的能力。1968年11月至1986年10月刘家峡单库运用时期,汛期平均蓄水26.9亿m3,非汛期泄水27.5亿m3;龙羊峡水库初期蓄水时间为3年,至1989年10月共蓄水157亿m3,此后转入正常运用。两库联合运用使潼关汛期来水量减少30%以上。加之沿黄工农业生产基地扩大引水,以及气候干旱带来的变化,导致潼关汛期水量大幅减少。

Ad\'\Uy+X0

  刘家峡单库运用时期(1969年~1985年),潼关平均水量373亿m3,沙量11.3亿t,比前期分别减少20.1%、22.4%。在此期间非汛期变化较小,水量和沙量各减少13.2%、17.9%。凌汛1~3月份水沙量尚有增加的趋势。汛期水、沙量减幅较大,各月水量比前期减少10~20亿m3,平均偏枯24.8%;各月沙量减少0.7亿t左右,平均偏枯22.3%。

1jz LKYrI\0

  1986年以来,入库水沙量继续减少,而且年内各月分配情况发生明显变化。1986~1999年平均水量262亿m3,平均沙量7.74亿t,比刘家峡单库运用时期分别减少29.8%、31.5%。比刘家峡水库投入运用前减少43.9%、46.3%。其中汛期水量比上述两个时期分别减少42.6%、56.8%;沙量则减少38.2%、52.0%。原来水量丰沛的10月份,近期水量减小为14.1亿m3;沙量由前期1.0亿t左右减至0.1~0.2亿t,已成为全年之中水量和沙量最小的月份之一。非汛期各月水、沙量变化很不平衡。1、2、3月份水量和沙量增加的趋势依然存在,5月和11月平均水量只有13.1亿m3、15.3亿m3,成为全年水量最枯月份,比前期减少30%~60%。即全年各月水量和沙量有向均匀化发展的趋势。

OdvN)Uk;?0Kgc1d_0

  为了适应入库水沙条件的不利变化,减少潼关河段淤积,恢复有效库容供长期使用,从1994年至今已连续6年汛期进行发电试验,不断优化水库运用方式。该阶段是潼关建站以来汛期水量最枯,也是水库运用方式变化较大的时期。水量和沙量在前期减少的基础上又有明显减少。其间,1994~1996年汛期枯水平沙,平均水量125亿m3,偏枯39.3%;平均沙量9.07亿t,与多年均值大致持平。水量最枯的10月份仅有15亿m3左右,偏枯67.6%;沙量则主要集中在7、8月份,1994年和1996年7~8月输沙量分别高达8.20亿t、9.03亿t,大于多年均值30%以上。两月平均含沙量均超过85.0kg/m3。后三年(1997年~1999年)汛期枯水枯沙,汛期平均水量78.9亿m3,平均沙量4.29亿t,比多年均值分别减少61.7%、57.1%。减幅最大的9、10月份,水量和沙量已接近于非汛期最枯月份的多年均值。枯水枯沙的1997年,汛期水量55.5亿m3,是历史记载的最小值,偏枯73.1%;沙量4.40亿t,偏枯50%以上。水利论文 avd d-I7mO)? |

1.2 洪水水利论文@*Z"R x&{t

  汛期水量和沙量主要集中在洪水期。1985年以前,汛期平均发生各级流量洪峰5~8次,历时50多天,集中水量120~150亿m3;输沙量7~9亿t,分别占汛期水量和沙量的55%、70%左右。自1986年以来,入库洪水明显减少,每年汛期平均发生3~4次,历时20~30天。少数年份出现1~2次,历时10天左右。洪水总量和输沙量亦大幅减少。1986~1999年汛期平均洪水总量43.4亿m3,比前期减少70%左右,在汛期总水量中所占的百分数亦降至36.1%。洪水平均输沙量3.97亿t,比前期减少50%左右,而洪水平均含沙量高达91.5kg/m3,比前期增大50%以上。

-Ws,h(PM`0

  1994~1999年,渭河来水来沙变化较大,咸阳以上连续6年汛期枯水枯沙。汛期水量比多年均值减少70%~95%。泾河则多次发生高含沙量洪水,尤以支流马连河洪水居多。泾、渭河来水来沙变化导致渭河下游河道水量减小,高含沙量小洪水频繁出现。枯水丰沙的1994年汛期,华县站连续发生5次高含沙量洪峰,含沙量均大于600kg/m3,最大含沙量802kg/m3近期黄河小北干流河道基流小,洪峰少。虽然龙门站1994年8月5日和1996年8月10日两次发生流量大于10000m3/s洪峰,但因沿程滞洪削峰,至潼关最大流量分别减小为7360m3/s、7500m3/s,削减30%以上。6年来,潼关站汛期共发生各级流量洪峰21次,年均3.5次,比1985年前平均减少2~4次。年均洪峰历时24. 8天,比前期减少50%左右。年均洪水总量39.0亿m3,比1985年前减少100亿m3左右。汛期洪峰输沙量5.16亿t,反比1986年以来的洪峰平均输沙量增大1.19亿t,洪峰水量与沙量的不同变化,使其含沙量大幅升高。汛期洪峰平均含沙量高达132kg/m3,比1985年前提高1倍以上。水利论文3OY9~1G4@q&z

1.3 汛期各级流量天数及水、沙量变化

2h"HF0yH%f0

  由于汛期水量、沙量及洪水水沙组合的不利变化,导致潼关站汛期日平均流量小于1000m3/s的出现天数增多,相应水量、沙量及其在汛期总量中所占的百分数增加(表1),而流量大于2000m3/s天数及相应的水量和沙量大幅减少,含沙量成倍增加。1994年~1999年流量级2000~3000m3/s天数比前期平均减少20~25天;相应水量减少40~60亿m3;沙量约减少1.0亿t以上。平均含沙量则高达116kg/m3,比前期增大1倍以上。日平均流量大于3000m3/s已成为汛期很少出现的情况,每年汛期平均只有2.2天。相应于该级流量的水量仅7.12亿m3,比1985年前减少90%以上,同流量级的沙量相应减少65%~80%,含沙量则由前期50kg/m3左右猛增至209kg/m3水利论文 wQ ~0e$Ll

2 汛期水量对潼关河床冲淤的影响水利论文3U?iK.\-@

  汛期影响潼关河床冲淤变化的因素较多。水量的丰枯及洪水水沙组合情况是潼关河床产生冲刷的基本条件。另外,非汛期库区淤积数量与分布部位的变化,以及汛期洪水对淤积物的冲刷清理情况,对潼关高程的升降直接产生影响。若潼关河床在一次洪峰中发生强烈冲刷,或溯源冲刷发展到潼关以上年份,汛期潼关高程的下降值明显大于常年;另有一种特殊情况,就是受前期河床淤积和水沙条件的制约,淤积上延导致潼关河床汛期淤积增多,同流量水位上升。图1为汛期潼关高程与水量之间的关系,成正比的变化趋势十分明显。汛期水量小于100亿m3时,潼关高程下降0.10m或略有升高;水量增至100~200亿m3时,潼关高程下降值小于0.40m;当水量增至300亿m3时,潼关高程下降0.4~0.75m。从图中还可看出,有洪水发生强烈冲刷年份,汛期潼关高程下降明显增大,而淤积上延则导致汛期潼关高程上升。控制运用初期,汛期运用水位抬高后虽在近坝库段产生大量壅水淤积,但上段河道继前期冲刷的基础上,溯源冲刷持续发展。1975年汛期,在连续洪水的作用下,河道沿程冲刷与溯源冲刷同步发展,潼关高程下降1.19m。出现类似情况还有1992年8月洪水期潼关河床发生强烈冲刷,当年汛期潼关高程下降1.10m。汛期影响潼关河床冲淤变化的因素除了来水来沙之外,还有河床边界条件。各年汛期潼关河床在剧烈的冲淤调整过程中,虽然出现的情况不同,但潼关高程升降值与来水来沙和河床边界条件之间基本符合一致的变化规律,即汛期水量是潼关河床冲刷的基本条件,河道形态变化则对潼关高程升降起着制约作用。水利论文.X3|/L)r(\)Ozhw J

表1 汛期各级流量天数、水量、沙量统计表
f,ES\!B*_]I8b0Table 1 Days and amounts of water sediment at various discharges in flood season

4]ru _$u2Z&W1v0

时段(年)

流量级
^(o|sH8H9P?$r0(m3/s)

!GEjT2Ps0
天数水利论文7x Vf2X-h8lg#{
(d)
水量
'L{{ g6?7??Jt0(亿m3)
沙量
5XJ2~.N%wM.j0(亿t)
含沙量(kg/m3)  天数水量沙量

1994~1999<50031.88.490.1113.025.98.31.7
500~100041.825.00.5923.634.024.59.1
1000~200040.748.62.8558.633.047.643.6
2000~30006.512.81.491165.312.622.8
>30002.27.121.492.91.87.022.8
合计1231026.5364.0100100100

1960~1968<5002.80.740.0340.52.30.40.5
500~10008.05.420.1323.96.51.91.1
1000~200033.844.31.6236.627.515.813.2
2000~300033.171.22.7939.026.925.322.7
>300045.31597.6948.436.856.662.5
合计12328112.349.8100100100

1969~1985<5005.61.840.0421.74.60.70.4
500~100022.915.00.4832.018.67.25.1
1000~200045.257.32.1737.936.727.422.9
2000~300025.553.12.4546.120.725.425.9
>300023.882.14.3352.719.439.345.7
合计1232099.4745.3100100100

1986~1999<50023.66.530.0812.319.25.41.3
500~100041.425.50.5120.033.621.28.7
1000~200042.350.82.1943.134.542.337.5
2000~300011.323.51.6068.19.219.527.4
>30004.413.91.471063.511.625.1

合  计水利论文 J N&X7V8G%K

1231205.8548.8100100100

  建库前,潼关河床冲淤受水沙条件和河道输沙能力的影响。据部分年份实测资料统计,非汛期潼关高程平均升高0.35m,汛期平均下降0.30m左右;控制运用初期水沙条件有利,在水库运用水位较高,高水位持续历时较长的情况下,1974~1985年潼关河床大致冲淤平衡,非汛期与汛期潼关高程升降变幅均为0.52m,大于自然河道时期的升降值。1986年以来,非汛期潼关高程平均升高0.32m,比建库前偏小0.03m。由于汛期水量大幅减少,潼关河床失去实现年内冲淤平衡的水流条件。潼关高程平均下降0. 22m,比非汛期上升值偏小0.10m。这是近期潼关高程逐年升高,居高不下的主要原因之一。

图1 汛期潼关高程升降值与水量关系图水利论文 mW;Ayp4y4]#n
Fig.1 Relationship between values of raising-lowering of Tongguan elevation and its water volume in flood season

W]"l+}b9Y0

3 结语

g:s A:WW.v)H"n0

  (1)近期受黄河上中游地区工农业扩大引水和水库调节的影响,汛期入库水量大幅减少。1986~1999年汛期平均水量120亿m3,平均沙量5.85亿t,比1969~1985年刘家峡单库运用时期减少40%左右,比刘家峡水库投入运用前减少50%以上。汛期水量减少主要表现在洪峰少、流量小,历时短。近几年,日平均流量大于3000m3/s已成为很少出现的情况。每年汛期平均2.2天,相应流量级水量仅7.12亿m3,比前期减少90%以上。水利论文9C7i+o-r/q/h-z

  (2) 汛期水量及洪水水沙组合情况是潼关河床产生冲刷的基本条件。另外,非汛期库区淤积数量及分布部位的变化,以及汛期洪水对淤积物的冲刷情况等,对潼关高程升降直接产生影响。汛期水量小于100亿m3时,潼关高程下降0.10m或略有升高;水量100~200亿m3时,潼关高程下降值小于0.40m;当水量增至300亿m3时,潼关高程下降0.40~0.75m。近几年汛期水量减少,使潼关高程下降明显小于常年,且小于非汛期上升值。这是潼关高程逐年上升,居高不下的主要原因。

M*^'Wc#q;ZD eb0
TAG: 张冠生 傅卫山 关水沙 李春光 孙绵惠
顶:42 踩:42
【已经有181人表态】
27票
极差
29票
很差
15票
较差
25票
稍差
26票
稍好
24票
较好
20票
很好
15票
极好
下一篇:关于三门峡水库若干问题认识与思考(张金良,乐金苟,王育杰)
上一篇:黄河上中游水沙变化特点分析及未来趋势展望(饶素秋, 霍世青, 薛建国, 张永平, …
水利论文IANA网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-08-06 15:39:50
Lastly,http://www.officialredsoxsjerseysshop.com/Grey- <a href="http://www.officialredsoxsjerseysshop.com/Grey-Yoenis-Cespedes-Womens-Jersey/">http://www.officialredsoxsjerseysshop.com/Grey-Yoenis-Cespedes-Womens-Jersey/</a> Yoenis-Cespedes-Womens-Jerse <a href="http://www.officialredsoxsjerseysshop.com/">http://www.officialredsoxsjerseysshop.com/</a> y/, for probably the most component computer repair technicians and businesses are trustworthy.Marketing professionals are definite that advertising as well as a toll-free number know how to bring in 30% new orders tha
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 117.68.*.*
2015-08-08 22:11:28
You can do well. Some website checking software program can do the job wit <a href="http://www.shopthevikingsjerseys.com/Elite-Paul-Krause-Vikings-Jersey/">Paul Krause Jersey</a> h no personnel even recognizing it is <a href="http://www.shopthevikingsjerseys.com/Elite-Cordarrelle-Patterson-Vikings-Jersey/">Authentic Cordarrelle Patterson Jersey</a>  there,Paul Krause Jersey, even if they appear for it upon their desktops.. So all athletes ould have heavy sessions such as pumping weights sessions and also recovery sessions which includ
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 117.68.*.*
2015-08-15 19:55:16
1) Know what affects the outcome of a sport. C貌n n岷縰 mu峄憂 d岷 ph峄?th岷璽 t峄?tin v <a href="http://www.shopthecardinalsjerseysonline.com/Elite-Ted-Ginn-Jr-Cardinals-Jersey/">Ginn Jr Womens Jersey</a> 脿 kh <a href="http://www.shopthecardinalsjerseysonline.com/Elite-Larry-Fitzgerald-Cardinals-Jersey/">Larry Fitzgerald Womens Jersey</a> 峄廵 kh岷痭 th矛 h茫y th峄?k岷縯 h峄 谩o ph么ng ngh峄媍h ng峄 c霉ng ch芒n v谩y x貌e.042.The Auto Binary Indicators is a sofare primarily based on the buyinYou have always liked the idea of being able to get the right pet <a href="http://www.shopthecardinalsjerseysonline.com/Elite-Pat-Tillman-Cardinals-Jersey/">Pat Tillman Jersey</a>  added to your
水利论文Unknown网友 [lkad5fdb] ip: 183.160.*.*
2015-08-25 16:35:25
Of course, Red DeMar DeRozan Jersey you should still ensure that you meet the <a href="http://www.torontoraptorsteamshop.com/Authentic-Demar-Derozan-Jersey/">Red DeMar DeRozan Jersey</a>  minimum requirements like having a good internet broadband connection an <a href="http://www.torontoraptorsteamshop.com/">http://www.torontoraptorsteamshop.com/</a> d good RAM on your PC.Tahitian tahitian are generally harvested approximately 24 months inside Pinctada margaritifera cumingi, a substantial mollusk  <a href="http://www.torontoraptorsteamshop.com/Authentic-Jonas-Valanciunas-Jersey/">Womens Jonas Valanciunas Jersey</a> i
水利论文IANA网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-08-26 03:51:09
A loyal production line  <a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-jon-bostic-orange-jersey/">http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-jon-bostic-orange-jersey/</a> is one that has solely one task to perform.  It is a vitamin that assis <a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/">http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/</a> ts in the absorption of calcium, which is vital for the development of strong teeth and bones. Jim Here. Depending on the size of the manufturing plant,http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bea <a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-zach-miller-orange-jersey/">http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-zach-miller-orange-jersey/</a> rs-jon-bosti
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-08-27 02:56:30
As for consumers who now have eye complicat <a href="http://www.vikingsfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-MATT-ASIATA-VIKINGS-JERSEY/">Matt Asiata Vikings Jersey</a> ions,Matt Asiata Vikings Jersey, they are recommended to use eyeglasses on the <a href="http://www.vikingsfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-MICHAEL-HARRIS-VIKINGS-JERSEY/">Michael Harris Vikings Jersey</a>  other hand.About Danko Smith  The One&Only Cape Town hotel is now offering full and half day tours for art loving travellers interested in booking South Africa holidays. Most co <a href="http://www.vikingsfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-COREY-WOOTTON-VIKINGS-JERSEY/">Corey Wootton Vikings Jersey</a> m
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-08-27 05:32:35
Security Features <a href="http://www.footballtitanslockroom.com/iphone-case/">Titans Iphone Case</a> The X201 consists of a amount of protection competencies which tak <a href="http://www.footballtitanslockroom.com/hats/">Authentic Titans Hats</a> e place to be made to sustain your information apart from prying eye should the notebook computer fall away from your con <a href="http://www.footballtitanslockroom.com/titans-jonathan-massaquoi-navy-blue-jersey/">Jonathan Massaquoi Jersey</a> trol.Begin sticking to the rest directly on Twitter who will be being employed in identical sect
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [lkad5fdb] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-08-27 20:37:59
Cause from the unique behind tabolic products and solutions  <a href="http://www.chargersfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-STEVIE-JOHNSON-CHARGERS-JERSEY/">http://www.chargersfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-STEVIE-JOHNSON-CHARGERS-JERSEY/</a> recta <a href="http://www.chargersfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-JACOBY-JONES-CHARGERS-JERSEY/">http://www.chargersfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-JACOBY-JONES-CHARGERS-JERSEY/</a> ngle most of these slag definitely passed by ans of plantar fascia but it energies a new in addition inebriation. The observed oute derives from fatigue, not additives. Click on "revise" and you may view your options. This part might  <a href="http://www.chargersfootballonline.com/AUTHENTIC-JEROMEY-CLARY-CHARGERS-JERSEY/">Jeromey Clary Jersey</a> b
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-09-04 00:19:57
Some feature synthetic fill, such as polyester fibers. Mak <a href="http://www.thebengalsprostore.com/bengals-devon-still-orange-jersey/">Devon Still Jersey</a> e your man a happy owner of these classy watches and make  <a href="http://www.thebengalsprostore.com/bengals-adam-jones-orange-jersey/">Adam Jones Jersey</a> his day. If you ask your grandparents they could probably tell you of their childhood of utilizing the outhouse alternatively of a modern day day toilet. Those bkpks are especially ch <a href="http://www.thebengalsprostore.com/bengals-margus-hunt-orange-jersey/">Margus Hunt Jersey</a> a
水利论文Unknown网友 [lkad5fdb] ip: 183.160.*.*
2015-09-04 04:51:52
Installing solar panels will lower your ove I <a href="http://www.realmadridsoccerproshop.com/Authentic-James-Rodriguez-Futbol-Jersey.html">James Rodriguez Real Madrid Jersey</a> n today's field of quick ch <a href="http://www.realmadridsoccerproshop.com/Authentic-Nacho-Fernandez-Futbol-Jersey.html">Nacho Fernandez Jersey</a> atting salesclerks and ripoffs, you need to be a knowledgeable buyer, aware about Jason Witten Nike Jersey the details.S residents, where this particular business model for internet gambling had already been officially declared <a href="http://www.realmadridsoccerproshop.com/">Real Madrid Soccer Jersey</a>
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [mlia6v2c] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-09-08 01:05:01
Which is on aount of the harmful bteria which are produced by th <a href="http://www.cheapairmaxsale-nz.com/nike-air-max-90-eu-17/air-max-90-all-red-qb-19.html"> nike air max 90 all red</a> e mutated Yeast that has corrupted the colon.in article how-uncover-ones <a href="http://www.salecheapjerseys.biz/">Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping</a> elf-beauty-surgical-procedure-financial-loan|. Some of the recommended solutions for oily epidermis to remove too much oil., be permitted to "jump the line.  nike  <a href="http://www.salecheapjerseys.biz/">Cheap Jerseys</a> a
水利论文IANA网友 [lkad5fdb] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-09-12 10:34:00
Men and women go online to fin <a href="http://www.officialbluejaysjerseysshop.com/Grey-Roger-Clemens-Womens-Jersey/">Roger Clemens Jersey</a> d content to learn something totally new, investigati <a href="http://www.officialbluejaysjerseysshop.com/Grey-Jose-Bautista-Womens-Jersey/">Jose Bautista Womens Jersey</a> on before they buy, come across business opportunities to begin… it is where men and women check out find information. Since it’s title signifies, you employ a  <a href="http://www.officialbluejaysjerseysshop.com/Grey-Brett-Lawrie-Womens-Jersey/">Brett Lawrie Womens Jersey</a> few ca or credits for signing up at the site like a playe
水利论文Unknown网友 [mlia0t9c] ip: 183.160.*.*
2015-09-13 08:29:26
<a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-william-perry-orange-jersey/">William Perry Jersey</a> Take a trip to the local courthouse and see how so lawyers h <a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-brian-urlacher-orange-jersey/">Brian Urlacher Jersey</a> ave fared in cases that they have handled. Muammar el-Qaddafi has obstructed any progress, despite what Benghazi res <a href="http://www.footballbearsauthentic.com/bears-jay-cutler-orange-jersey/">Jay Cutler Jersey</a> ident physicians report as an abundance of leads.Hopefully you won’t find a lawyer whose favorite subject is himself. It dis
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [npod6hoi] ip: 117.67.*.*
2015-09-19 04:27:37
4. The most noticeably bad kept mystery of scene cara people is the timing wh <a href="http://www.wholesalejerseyschinanflshop.com/">Wholesale Jerseys</a> en the very best light happens. The sites often are jaw-dropping gor <a href="http://www.asicsrunnersonline.com/"> asics runners ireland</a> geous, and Wholesale Jerseys may even work prety much smoothkly, even when the underlying structue is somewthing less than sttandards-based. But make sure <a href="http://www.wholesalejerseyschinanflshop.com/">Cheap Jerseys</a>
水利论文IANA网友 [dj2gyqgr4c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-09-28 02:41:14
Should you aren't conscious of <a href="http://www.belgiumsoccershop.com/World-Cup-Daniel-Van-Buyten-Belgium-Jersey/">Daniel Van Buyten Belgium Jersey</a>  proper connection procedures <a href="http://www.belgiumsoccershop.com/World-Cup-Eden-Hazard-Belgium-Jersey/">Eden Hazard Shirt</a> , you might forget Daniel Van Buyten Belgium Jersey to hieve those who you target in your pany.O. As problems in later life, being an almighty rucksk, Hers Birkin could definitely fit all of nurous the most important utility roo <a href="http://www.belgiumsoccershop.com/World-Cup-Thibaut-Courtois-Belgium-Jersey/">Thibaut Courtois Belgium Jersey</a> m. Many compu
水利论文IANA网友 [dj2gyqgr4c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-10-07 08:25:12
The policy will tell yo <a href="http://www.thejetsstoreonline.com/">Jets Jerseys</a> u what rmation they save and  <a href="http://www.thejetsstoreonline.com/Black-10-Tj-Graham-Womens-Jersey/">T.J. Graham Jets Jersey</a> what rmation they might are with others.The central university of finance and banking, director of the research centre guo TianYo <a href="http://www.thejetsstoreonline.com/Black-81-Shaq-Evans-Womens-Jersey/">Shaq Evans Jets Jersey</a> ng analysis says, through the use of discount of banking institutions, central bankers can then the whole social mobili
水利论文IANA网友 [icpc7q5c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-10-12 15:09:03
radio117.it content finding <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysorder.cc/">Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping</a> -property-bank <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysorder.cc/">Cheap NFL Jerseys</a> -loan-poor-credit-history-crucial-sofare-results|.  This phenomenon is hardly new, although a superficial survey of <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysorder.cc/">Cheap Jerseys From China</a>  current punditry would have us believe that this whole subject has risen to public consciousness only in the past few months. Murder, global ec
水利论文IANA网友 [dj2gyqgr4c] ip: 223.240.*.*
2015-10-16 02:44:50
Certain, this plot of the Romance, http://w <a href="http://www.atleticomadridsoccershop.com/kids-miguel-angel-moya-atletico-madrid-jersey/">http://www.atleticomadridsoccershop.com/kids-miguel-angel-moya-atletico-madrid-jersey/</a> ww.atleticomadridsoccershop.com/kids-miguel-angel-moya-atletico-madrid-jersey/  <a href="http://www.atleticomadridsoccershop.com/kids-mario-mandzukic-atletico-madrid-jersey/">Mario Mandzukic Atletico Madrid Jersey</a> Drama, Fantasy movie soundsexciting, so now the up ing step for you personally is usually tochoose to devote the ti to enjoy this Mario Mandzukic Atletico Madrid Jersey movie. I <a href="http://www.atleticomadridsoccershop.com/kids-cristian-ansaldi-atletico-madrid-jersey/">Cristian Ansaldi Jersey</a> t
水利论文Unknown网友 [l0xj0pkz] ip: 183.160.*.*
2015-10-27 14:40:37
All the ra <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysfreeshipping.top/">Wholesale NFL Jerseys</a> ge a generation everywher <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysfreeshipping.top/">Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping</a> e here is isting of tune and other forms of artistry, we ould swim in contrast to the current if we dear <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysfreeshipping.top/">Wholesale Jerseys</a> th to save tune from dying. I apologize that I was not able to get you the fullness of service that youre after, but Im confident that Mrs.V. You will be less li
水利论文安徽省电信网友 [nypd1doi] ip: 117.68.*.*
2015-10-30 20:02:09
Her family and friends are continuously being inford how gre <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysnflbest.com/">Cheap NFL Jerseys China</a> at these t <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysnflbest.com/">Cheap NFL Jerseys</a> hings are and so they want to buy them, too. Possibly generic ponents is often involved why soone is vulnerable to staying afflicted with it.Every hoowner needs to understand how they can keep their hos Cheap NFL Je <a href="http://www.cheapjerseysnflbest.com/">Cheap Jerseys From China</a> rseys China saf
查看全部回复【已有348位网友发表了看法】

广告投放

广告投放