Summer Monsoon and Annual Variability of Sea Surface Slope and Their Effects on

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Summer Monsoon and Annual Variability of Sea Surface Slope and Their Effects on Alongshore Current near Qingdao

Based on the monthly mean sea level data obtained from 3 years′ (1999-2001) tide-gauge measurements, the annual variability of the sea level near Qingdao and Jiaozhou Bay is studied and discussed in this paper. Results show that the sea surface height at all the tide gauges becomes higher in summer than that in winter,with an obvious seasonal variability.Furthermore the sea surface height measured at a short distance outside the bay is lower than that in thebay, showing a sea surface slope downward from north to south. The reasons for the formation of the slope are explained as well, The dynamic action ofthe summer monsoon and the sea surface slope, and their effects on the monthly mean current are studied by means of dynamics principles. The importance of the summer monsoon and the pressure gradient generated by the sea surface slope, with their effects on the alongshore current, is pointed out and emphasized in this paper.水利论文 e3u4E/k,R$EN$_]

作 者: 蒲书箴 程军 张义钧 石强 骆敬新 范文静  
作者单位:蒲书箴,程军(First Institute of Oceanography,SOA,Qingdao,266061,Shandong,China)水利论文Q/O[/r#DjA?L
张义钧,骆敬新,范文静(National Marine Data and Information Service,Tianjin,300171,China)水利论文!d$O7hJjv u
石强(North Branch of SOA, Qingdao,266003,Shandong,China) 
刊 名:海洋通报(英文版) 
英文刊名:MARINE SCIENCE BULLETIN 
年,卷(期):2004 6(2) 
分类号: 
关键词:Jiaozhou Bay   sea surface slope   monsoon   alongshore current  
机标关键词:Alongshore Currentsea surface slopesea surface heightsummer monsoonseasonal variabilitymean sea levelalongshore currentpressure gradientmean currentJiaozhou Bay 
基金项目:supported by the program: ARGO Observation and Research in the Pacific-India Warm Pool,the National Key Programme for Developing Basic Sciences of China under the contract 
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