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关于做好海洋环境公报工作的意见

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沿海省、自治区、直辖市人民政府办公厅:
ip v+h0l)P*Y0为贯彻实施新颁布的《中华人民共和国海洋环境保护法》,加强海洋环境的监督管理,促进海洋经济的可持续发展,根据当前海洋环境保护工作形势发展的需要,现就做好海样环境公报工作提出以下意见水利论文$S2~.[Lp

G8uI4]J:aza0一、发布海洋环境公报的重要意义水利论文4]$X1[-N2v T{

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发布海洋环境公报是海洋行政主管部门根据海洋环境监测数据及资料。对海洋环境现状作出客观评价,并向社会公众公布的一种行政行为。新颁布实施的《中华人民共和国海洋环境保护法》明确规定海洋行政主管部门负责海洋环境的监督管理,这是国家加强海洋环境保护工作的—项重要措施,编制并发布海洋环境公报是海洋行政主管部门依法履行海洋环境监督管理职能的重要形式,也是海洋行政主管部门为海洋经济建设服务的具体体现。通过发行海洋环境公报,可使公众及时了解诲洋环境状况以及环境破坏问题给沿海经济与社会发展带来的不良影响。以进一步提高全社会的海洋意识,引导公众积极参与悔洋环境保护事业。为海洋经济的可持续发展创造良好的社会基础。同时,海洋环境公报对各级政府制定海洋环境政策和环境整治措施、确定海洋环境管理目标、减轻海洋灾害、调整沿海地区经济结构等都有着重要的指导意义。
e%R/nX:S!O,v$J0因此、各地人民政府应从全局性、战略性的高度,充分认识发布海样环境公报的重要意义,加强对公报工作的领导,把各方面工作做好。

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二、海样环境公报工作的指导思想和主要任务

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(一) 指导思想水利论文2G+v$mBp Gs1B_)\n
海样环境公报工作要以提高全社会海洋环境保护意识、促进海样经济健康发展为目标,坚持为海洋管理服务、为公众利益服务的宗旨,着实事求是、科学严谨的态度、在做好海洋环境监测工作的基础上。开展海洋环境公报的编制和发布工作。水利论文(~"s:F+hr%L+| Mn
(二) 主要任务
5WZyu o^,V,r01.工作目标:按照统筹规划、分步实施的要求,逐步形成国家与地方海洋行政主管部门分工负责、效能统一的海洋环境公报工作体系。
2{*B&V#fZ*L$I-X:b H02.公报种类:海洋环境公报出海洋环境质量公报、海洋灾害公报和海平面公报三种形式的公报组成。水利论文/J#b,gz TS7t
3.任务分工:海洋环境公报实行国家、省(自治区、直辖市)、市(计划单列市、地级市)三级发布制度。国家海洋行政主管部门负责全海域的上述三种公报的编制与发布工作;沿海省、自治区、直辖市海洋行政主管部门负责本省(区、市)近岸海域的海洋环境质量公报和海洋灾害公报的编制与发布工作;计划单列市和地级市海洋行政主管部门负责本市(地)近岸海域的海洋环境质量公报的编制与发布工作。
/c.?V;M7?8d6rw3x04.发行时限:海洋环境质量公报、海洋灾害公报应于每年4月1日发布;海平面公报应于每三年的三月底之前发布。水利论文1P3|/kSR*CAz
5.每次生大海洋环境调查、监测、监视工作完成后应及时发布海洋环境通报。

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三、公报编制的基本要求和主要内容

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i z L#Mhk PTJ0(—) 基本要求水利论文F(S7VGB~6k
1. 要充分依据海洋环境调查、监测、监视和观测资料。按照规范的评价方法对海域的环境状况做出评价、评价的结论既要反映出概况。又要突出重点,找出问题,做到“点面”结合。
q#vk5S }~02.要与海洋经济建设和人们的日常生活有机结合,有针对地反映出环境状况对经济活动的适宜程度和环境后果,尽可能满足各级政府和公众要求了解海洋环境问题的需要,以及政府及其有关部门制定环境保护政策措施和海洋减灾防灾的需要,以发挥公报的指导作用。水利论文.H,c:e1FM)[{"Q"L*t-c(t
3.表述形式要做到图表文并茂,文字简洁,通俗易懂。对不易公开的资料要通过报告的形式,及时让政府了解情况,以便及时采取有效措施。水利论文T uh$L e
4.应以政府部门的名义发布公报,使更多的公众关注、了解海洋环境状况,对损害海洋环境的行为形成强大的社会舆论监督。
(v{4g-t3FF7R0(二)主要内容
2r3|5yC8^;u N01.国家海洋行政主管部门编制的中国海洋环境质量公报,主要对全国海洋环境质量状况做出趋势性分析与评价,介绍重大的环境事件和重要的全国性海洋环境保护行动和成果,对改善我国海洋环境质量现状提出有关对策和建议。
}/ICa2D \9e0省、自治区、直辖市、计划单列市和地市海洋行政主管部门编制的近岸海域海洋环境质量公报,主要对近岸海域海洋环境质量状况做出分析评价,突出水产养殖区、海洋旅游度假区、海洋开发区等重点海域的海样环境质量状况,介绍本辖区内重要的海洋环境事件和保护行动,并就解决海洋环境问题提出有关对策和建议。水利论文m+pTu7K"\V
2.海洋灾害公报应对海洋自然环境状况进行概述,并对发生的各种海洋灾害进行分析评价,总结出海洋灾害特点,尽可能统计或描述出直接经济损失,对下一年的海洋灾害作出预测,并就海洋防灾减灾提出有关对策和建议。
;t6[0]^jn*C03.海平面公报应分别对沿海各省(区、市)海平面变化状况做出分析评价并提出对策和建议。

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四、做好海洋环境公报工作的几项措施和要求水利论文*? si7P yj\

pps6[T"du t01.要加强海洋环境监测工作。海洋环境监测是海洋环境保护工作的基础,监测资料是编制海洋环境公报的基本依据。因此,建议地方各级人民政府要加强对海洋监测工作的领导,加快海洋环境监测能力建设,提供必要的经费和条件保障,定期开展海洋环境监测活动。监测站点应统一规划,合理布局,避免重复。
!PR$FN E}}`02.海洋监测资料要互通有无,无偿共享。用于编制海洋环境公报的资料要施行逐级上报、对下开放制度。各级海洋行政主管部门在编制海样环境公报时,应加强同各涉海部门的联系,最大限度地获取编制公报所需的各种海洋资料。
vs5f Eu-B4g*[03.要建立统一的海洋环境评价(估)方法。建立统一的海洋环境评价(估)方法是海洋环境公报具有实用性和可比性的重要保证。国家海洋环城监测中心、国家海洋环境预报中心要切实履行技术支撑的职责,主动研究切实可行的海洋环境质量评价方法和海洋灾害评估方法,为公报的编制做好技术服务。水利论文.KL(rG&d(~6gTK
4.要加强对公报工作的领导。公报的编制、发布工作是一项政策性较强、影响面较广的海洋行政管理工作,因此,必须强化管理和组织保障。各级海洋行政主管部门要精心组织好公报的编制、发布工作,建立健全规章制度,明确责任,把好公报编制草案的审查关;要将公报编制工作纳入业务化轨道,为承担公报编制任务的单位提供必要的条件保障,确保公报的质量和按时发布。国家海洋行政主管部门的行业务机构要积极为地方海洋行政主管部门提供技术支持、协助做好公报工作。水利论文`(Fiu OS g]A

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