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《英国水务改革与发展研究报告》

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作  者:中国华禹水务产业投资基金筹备工作组 编著
出 版 社:
  • 出版时间: 2007-10-1
  • 字  数:
  • 版  次: 1
  • 页  数: 244
  • 印刷时间:
  • 开  本:
  • 印  次:
  • 纸  张:
  • I S B N : 9787802096295
  • 包  装: 平装
定价:¥56.00
 
内容简介
o"c&W&~V3L H9VG0中国城市水务改革发展研究是华禹水务产业投资基金筹备工作的知识库。六个月前,筹备工作组出版的《中国城市水务改革发展研究报告——水务产业投资基金与城市水务未来》,勾画出中国城市水务产业体制创新、机制创新的愿景,也设计出用产业资本导向推动城市水务产业以人为本、全面协调、可持续发展的路线图。水利论文zl/P&N8N+qQ:zO
理念、构想、报告,一旦得到决策部门的支持,就将转化为物质力量。可喜可贺的是,华禹水务产业投资基金筹备工作组拟选择成都等西部重要城市,率先进行水务产业投资基金模式的试点。消息传出,国内各大投资机构反响热烈,有意参与。相关部委态度积极,予以支持。使我们对基金的设立也增添了信心和期待。
.lkT:H&JdhZ0在基金筹备工作将进入实质性运作之际,筹备工作组又推出《英国水务改革与发展研究报告》,试图用他山之石攻玉。面对宏大的水务主题和产业任务,这份报告要更多地回答操作层面的问题。这就需要读者结合中国国情,在科学发展观的指引下,读懂、读通、读活这份报告。水利论文 Z `!c AL6Y0LN
一是英国水务发展历程。经历了由私人供给为主,到地方政府供给为主的第一次演变,又经历了1989年实现行业整合并将国有化改革为市场化的第二次演变。研究的首要之点是中国的水务产业该如何总结英国水务产业两次演变的内在规律,以选择改革时机和目标。有关“完全产权改革模式”,“以权益融资为主避免负债率过高”的启示性建议则值得借鉴。
]|&_@2T7a.W.n M0二是英国水价机制。激励型价格上限与全成本水价的基本特征,原则清楚,程序明确,结构定型、完整和成熟。中国的水价机制在概念上完全同意有关“科学定价,兼顾经济效率与社会公平”,“清晰界定资本回报的资产基础”,“充分考虑用户承受能力的水费支出”,“保障弱势群体利益的水价结构”,“保证水务服务稳定和连续可灵活调整水价机制”等原则。困难之点在于:中国水源地地带性特征千差万别,东、中、西部经济发展水平存在差异,大量调水工程把上述特征和差异又连成一个整体。克服这些困难,中国的水价机制需要在统筹协调的改革道路上去勇于创新。水利论文3s"_9n)` tYdP
三是英国流域一体化模式。其内涵包括水质与水量、城市与乡村、水务服务分区、政监分离等关键环节的一体化整合。在中国,缺少流域一体化模式的成功经验,尤其缺少在流域内行使执法权限的多个政府部门间整合的经验。这就好比要搭建过河的桥,必要性已经清楚了,要什么样的桥也清楚了,如何跨越?还需在造桥的位置、材质、结构和可选择的方案上下点功夫,否则,如何跨越部门间形成合力的难关!
Y/b?:Vo C:j0从上述三个关键点的思考可以看出,这本报告重在提供比较研究的素材,意在引发讨论、鼓励实践,共同设计中国的水务产业改革与发展的可操作模式,使这一模式深深刻上了中国一个新时期的烙印,科学发展观的烙印。
 目录
0qN4e F'e\\1u-Cy01 英国水务行业发展历史的演变——流域一体化和民营化
)~\+POr01.1 英国水务行业流域一体化整合的历史演变
{]"M']xk01.1.1 20世纪之前:由私人供给为主到地方政府供给为主
j2^R"w7OC(^.^01.1.2 20世纪70年代之前:从高度分散到初步的流域一体化管理水利论文,|F7k3@3]
1.1.3 1973-1989年:完成流域一体化管理与经营,实现行业整合和国有化改革
f-a)svw%o!FV01.1.4 1989年民营化后:保留供排水服务流域一体化经营的格局,经营服务与监管职能分离水利论文E fOX-TI}{
1.2 英国水务行业民营化改革分析水利论文acx9PYi
1.2.1 民营化的时代背景与具体动因水利论文aQ4K0a B/i+U+U
1.2.2 民营化的具体进程
bB6M3T aT5h8w,R$GY01.3 民营化后的绩效与问题
*]sIa T O:qg#p01.3.1 投资增加
bRp*ud7\01.3.2 运营效率提高水利论文B.o+a*c ~;C#ML
1.3.3 水质、水务服务、水环境质量大为改善水利论文;uW#}ekq
1.3.4 水价温和上涨
J.y\&L$~01.3.5 回报率趋于合理水利论文CU)[z+ND2K/k Q
1.3.6 负债率提高水利论文@@&\-w6Gi;{
1.3.7 3种竞争机制的运行效果水利论文bvb G9b u
1.4 对英国水务行业流域一体化整合和民营化的评价水利论文6bHL:g7@1O h
1.4.1 对流域一体化整合的评价水利论文"D F};f T$^ N
1.4.2 对民营化改革的评价
~]{0Bts0X_a01.5 英国水务行业流域一体化整合和民营化改革对中国的启示水利论文Aj0{8[9UOb*F!?
1.5.1 鼓励发展市场主导的供排水服务流域一体化经营模式
PpwW u+gnb01.5.2 赋予我国既有几大流域管理机构真正的水量调配权与水质监管权
s!g.^ tCU:f01.5.3 政府或流域管理机构更应承担正外部性较强的环境治理与保护责任水利论文 @Gbg;\e
1.5.4 完全产权改革模式更能实现当前中国水务行业改革目标水利论文 f7Ui kSuY/h.eP
1.5.5 实现地方性水务企业的真正政企分离,促进水务行业全国范围内大整合水利论文B`!hv;g7^&}T.ss
1.5.6 建立统一、独立和可问责的中央级监管体系,平衡各方利益诉求
VPh2h1{+|01.5.7 鼓励以国有长期资本为主的产业投资基金参与我国水务行业水利论文4Zv_/ehR2Ur
1.5.8 鼓励水务行业市场化改革模式与竞争主体的多元化,不同规模城市应采取不同的主导型改革方式
-pB&?G{`;Q[ u01.5.9 建议水务行业以权益融资为主,避免负债比率过高水利论文ap}"@?g
参考文献
2T4{t)aLHjh02 英国政府对水务行业的政策引导——环境、食品及农村事务部
z,cs/oP)TGA02.1 现行水务相关政策的制定者:环境、食品及农村事务部水利论文4`%gE4x~;j)OI,@
2.1.1 环境、食品及农村事务部的职责及目标
aafy2d6`M%~%h02.1.2 DEFRA水政策内容
n6~ LKm$htoB/UH0 2.2 对英国政府在水务行业进行政策引导的评价和启示
f{ Elo,N4|0  2.2.1 宏观管理,政策指引,协调各方水利论文2t\3iC t6T!zT7Z }[ ^)pM&M
  2.2.2 政监分离,合理分工水利论文,a8c wGhM w:[&F
  2.2.3 跨越部门,战略规划水利论文1P2w$LG0W8YD
 参考文献
,[E*a)D Ao$D @;Q03 英国水务行业监管体制——经济、环境、饮用水质量监管
&U-T;X Q u5gmt03.1 英国水务行业监管体制概述
IL9do#?m^]!eU03.2 英国水务行业监管体制建立的目标与总体思路水利论文2@x8R$z(U9~"ya
3.3 英国水务监管体系设置
&{?;lR S#xt03.3.1 监管政策的制定
P yz&a7G03.3.2 政策的执行水利论文1[7? \$[)d)_ f5n+j
3.3.3 公众参与机制水利论文8JQHs1wbT(W
3.3.4 水务公司申诉渠道
$j/f\;QY8A'O OO03.4 监管职责、内容及手段
`4DQ7WJ,@.P*`03.4.1 经济监管
Oj*z_3RsH%^N2f03.4.2 环境监管水利论文7RDkvUQ'H Nk
3.4.3 饮用水质量监管水利论文Wr/E\ H B,U{
3.5 对英国水务行业监管体制的评价水利论文%tsS.g`c~
3.6 对我国水务行业监管体制改革的启示水利论文B {#k,Ax \,OJv
3.6.1 健全水务行业的政策法规
nO,P#W7o6u+E03.6.2 设立负责涉水事务总体战略规划,负责监督、协调各监管机构的权威部门
V6Cs#o3{Z03.6.3 设立分别负责经济监管、环境监管、水质监管的独立监管部门
Q z0rI,b1FaJ03.6.4 完善相关利益集团利益表达与维护机制,健全水务行业监管体系的监督约束机制,确保监管决策的公正性水利论文#t1{:E {1T9LJ7l0Y
3.6.5 明确经济监管目标,建立多种科学合理的经济监管手段
7~^6HJ-?03.6.6 明确环境监管目标,建立科学合理的环境监管体系
7O+V6_nO qq9I4Ae03.6.7 完善独立的饮用水安全监管体系,保障公众健康和社会稳定
4Ckz9y*MM E)[0参考文献
(k(s|6J7})N04 英国水价机制——激励型价格上限与全成本水价水利论文 PG@3qq
4.1 水价制定原则
+r8W7]*om[T04.2 水价评审
~~N_VkD\04.2.1 水价评审目的水利论文!U1s1M5gB$o
4.2.2 水价评审过程
2qB ~1T#KoW04.2.3 水务公司商业计划
U5}|"c*l04.2.4 利益相关主体的参与
V+VT&L-u:s9h&U04.3 水价制定方法
.C$S ql;wUz04.3.1 假设条件水利论文 bjq By#}4i(k
4.3.2 水价制定的经济模型水利论文(^0x0rqH4x1r
4.3.3 水价制定的财务模型水利论文g9jv|KO d
4.3.4 水价制定的信息支持水利论文-c\0`aSf
 ……
*Qz ljZ)[.x`05 英国水务行业比较竞争——水务公司绩效评价系统水利论文5Bn I:Np:C6H
6 英国水务行业交易规则——共同监管会计指引和并购制度
"W ZCQM.y-v @|07 英国水务公司——企业责任和水务服务
8d;R`8x)vJ08 英国水务行业公众参与机制——水务消费者委员会
W'v+ap2p0l E09 本报告主要研究结论及政策建议
pg;r dv!Ei A0缩写词水利论文%f6v H5Ow {e{
后记 水利论文)NL7C(]r*e'a!U
 
TAG: 发展 改革 水务 英国 研究报告
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