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福建省生态功能区划研究 【作者】汤小华 【导师】郑达贤

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v.o'nx$Q(b/^S0作者】汤小华 【导师郑达贤
!wXG;ZFG\0【作者基本信息】福建师范大学,自然地理学,2005年,博士水利论文fJs[E

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【中文摘要】 福建省生态功能区划研究内容提要:生态功能区划,是指在分析研究区域生态环境特征与生态环境问题、生态环境敏感性和生态服务功能空间分异规律的基础上,根据生态环境特征、生态环境敏感性和生态服务功能的重要程度在不同地域的差异性和相似性,将区域空间划分为不同生态功能区的研究过程。生态功能区划的目的是为区域生态环境保护与建设、资源合理利用和工农业生产合理布局的决策提供科学依据,并为环境管理部门提供管理信息和管理手段。本研究以福建省为案例,运用现代生态学理论和区划理论以及GIS技术手段,通过分析研究福建省生态环境特征、主要生态环境问题及其形成机制,采用定性与定量相结合的评价方法,对福建省生态环境敏感性和生态服务功能重要性进行评价,揭示其区域分异规律;在此基础上针对福建省生态环境地域分异规律,确定区划的原则、分区依据和指标,将福建省划分为2个生态区,5个生态亚区和107个生态功能区,并根据各功能区的生态环境特点、主要生态环境问题和主导生态功能,提出生态保育与建设的重点任务平¨具体措施。区划成果为福建生态省建设总体规划的实施、各区域生态环境保护与建设提供了科学的指导依据。

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【英文摘要】 In this thesis, Ecological Function Regionalization (EFR) refers to the process of dividing a certain study area into various ecological function zones according to the similarities and dissimilarities of regional eco-environmental characteristic, eco-environmental sensitivity and the importance of eco-services. The major aim of EFR is to lay a scientific foundation for decision-making such as regional eco-environmental conservation and construction, reasonable natural resources utilization, spatial allocation of agricultural and industrial production, and also to develop information and approach for environmental management department. The main contents of the research include: (1) Taking Fujian province as a case study, a systematic evaluation system and distribution law about eco-environmental sensitivity, importance of eco-service functions are given. This is based on the application of modern ecology theory and GIS, on the analysis of regional eco-environmental characteristics and...更多 major eco-environmental problems with their formation mechanisms, .and also on the combination of qualitative methods and quantitative methods. (2) Based on the above research, the author then puts forward the principles, criteria and index of Fujian EFR system. As a result, Fujian Province is divided into 2 ecological regions, 5 sub-regions and 107 ecological function zones. For every ecological function zones, specific eco-environmental characteristics, major eco-environmental problems and dominant ecological function are illustrated. Then the author proposes key task and concrete countermeasures for the zones. The achievements of the study will provide a scientific basis for the work such as the implementation of General Planning of Fujian Ecological Province Construction and regional eco-environmental conservation and construction.  还原水利论文F"F^ lFf1^"T

$_i [;D.J+W-l;ly!p0【中文关键词】 生态功能区划; 生态环境; 福建省水利论文/_(M I-\ u-A4Bq)H
【英文关键词】 Ecological function regionalization; Eco-environment; Fujian Province
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