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滇中林柱状地质景观旅游价值研究【作者】谢洪忠 【导师】杨世瑜

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中林柱状地质景观旅游价值研究

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作者谢洪忠导师杨世瑜水利论文4J cm3Q"axNt
【作者基本信息】昆明理工大学,矿产普查与勘探,2005年,博士

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【中文摘要】 林柱状地质景观概念未在文献中检索到,是一种新颖的提法,它是对客观存在的一类旅游地质资源的概括。本研究选取滇中林柱状地质景观作为研究对象,符合地质学与旅游学交叉学科研究领域的需要。这一研究对象融合了旅游资源与地质资源的双重属性,也是一种旅游地质资源。从旅游观光的角度看,“林柱状”一词描述了景观外在形态,是指景观个体呈柱体之形,而整体有林状之貌的特征。从地质的角度看,林柱状景观也是地质体或地质遗迹,是以地质环境为基础的。无论成景地层、成景条件、成景作用、成景的形成和发育过程均与地质相关联,地质属性影响到林柱状景观旅游价值的体现,旅游的开发与保护相应地也要符合地质规律。林柱状地质景观,具有独特的旅游吸引力,如武陵源石英砂岩峰林、石林、丹霞地貌中的林柱,以及滇中的彩色沙林、土林、膏林等,给游人以视觉美的享受。本研究以林柱状景观所处的地质资源环境为背景,深度认识林柱状地质景观的地质特征和景观特征。研究其形成与演化,共性和个性,注重综合分析和比较研究。把旅游学与地质学有机融合,发挥自然与人文学科研究优势,从地质景观的科学性、旅游观赏性的角度发掘滇中林柱状地质景观所具有的旅游价值,寻求地质资源旅游资...更多源化的途径,并在地质科学规律的指导下合理开发与保护。本研究界定了滇中的范围,并确定了滇中“四林”为研究对象,包括路南石林、曲靖陆良彩色沙林、楚雄元谋土林、玉溪元江彩色膏林。这四片林柱状分布区,区位条件、地形地貌、气候、水文、生态植被特征、区域地质背景及区域构造单元有共性也有差异,对旅游价值有一定的影响。以上述研究的基本思路和方法,本文着重对以下几方面进行了研究:一、论述了林柱状地质景观的概念、分布及分类首先提出了林柱状地质景观的概念,认为这是一类景观个体呈柱体之形,而整体有林状之貌的旅游地质景观。国内外均有林柱状地质景观分布,20多个国家有喀斯特塔状、剑状、圆锥状石林等,美国有中上新世土林、新墨西哥洲有二迭纪的含石膏晶片的天然林状地貌,土耳其有著名的凝灰岩林柱等。国内国家地质公园,有林柱特色的就达18个之多。武陵源石英砂岩峰林以其高大、数量众多的林柱景观获得了世界自然遗产、世界地质公园的双重殊荣。滇中路南石林也位居世界地质公园之列,以广东丹霞山为代表的丹霞地貌在全国有500多处,其中的林柱分布众多,很有特色。除此之外,还有花岗岩林柱、风蚀林柱、黄土柱等,类型多样,地质属性、景观形态也有差异。与石林比较,沙林、土林分布较为少见,属水土流失的产物,主要分布在云南、四川、西藏、新疆、甘肃、吉林等地。并按成景岩性、成景作用、成岩的固结程度的差异,划分出不同的林柱状地质景观类型。按成景岩性差异分,有砂岩林柱、碳酸盐岩林柱、花岗岩林柱;按成景作用分,有岩溶型林柱、淋溶型林柱、风蚀林柱、海蚀林柱等;按岩层固结程度的不同,可以划分为石质、土质、半固结林柱等。二、着重分析了滇中林柱状地质景观的成景地质特征与林柱状地质景观相关的地质科学内容丰富,地质特征的研究涉及面广。但从旅游的角度看,最能体现其旅游价值的地质科学是其形成条件、形成发育过程及地质景观特征,这些内容最能引起游人的兴趣。因此,本研究重点对路南石林、陆良彩色沙林、元谋土林、元江彩色膏林各自的景区概况、成景地层及岩性、构造特征、景观特征、形成发育过程、成景作用等方面进行了详细分析。从地质构造看,均处断陷盆地或高原山间沉积盆地,有深大断裂发育控制。断层、抬升等地壳活动剧烈,这使岩层破碎、垂直节理发育。路南石林、彩色沙林宏观上属扬子准地台。陆良彩色沙林位于牛头山古陆的边缘,黔桂地台和昆明拗陷的结合部,在小江深大断裂的东翼。元谋县位于云南“山”字形构造西翼部分内侧。元谋东山大断裂及其派生构造宏观上控制着元谋土林发育,断裂属压扭性断裂,岩石易破碎并形成垂直节理。元江彩色膏林处于金沙江一红河断裂带,受哀牢山断裂控制,对元江彩色膏林早第三纪的沉积产生挤压,使膏林的沉积物发生褶皱和变形,产生断层和垂直节理,利于柱体的纵向发育,并影响到彩色膏林的成生面积。岩性的差异,是成景作用的关键因素。石林发育于二叠纪茅口组(P1m)灰岩之上,层厚、质纯,属海相沉积。陆良彩色沙林的地层属于新第三系上新统茨营组,以石英砂岩、长石砂岩、砂岩、粉砂岩、粉砂质泥岩、绢云板岩为主,夹凝灭岩、硅质岩。主要形成于湖滨三角洲沉积环境和山前洪冲积扇沉积环境。组成元谋土林的松散物质是新生代上新世到第四纪沉积物,厚达700余米。元江彩色膏林成景母岩为下第三系含石膏的杂色泥岩、页岩及粉砂岩,已成岩化。垂直节理在林柱体发育过程中起着重要作用。垂直节理强化了风化及流水下蚀作用,为柱状体沿纵向高度的生长及其分离提供了条件。近水平产状有利于林柱体造型的稳定性。地壳抬升运动,使沉积在海洋或湖泊中的沉积岩(物)也随之抬升,抬升的过程接受流水作用的下渗和侵蚀,使沉积台地更易解体,有利于柱体的形成。流水作用在林柱体形成过程中,起到了雕塑师的作用,正是流水沿缝隙、垂直节理的下渗、切割,才使原为整体的台地,分崩、裂解,逐渐形成高大、形态多姿的柱体。滇中林柱状地质景观的形成除了一些具共同性的条件外,也有一些特色性的成景作用。例如,碳酸化溶蚀作用是石林形成的特色因素。在这一过程中,逐渐形成地表与地下林柱。这是区别于沙林、土林、膏林形成的特色作用。陆良彩色沙林彩沙的成色因素复杂,许多因素都影响其颜色。研究结果表明,主导而基本性的因素是古沉积环境,沙体的颜色与古环境下的母岩颜色基本一致。成景岩层茨营组(N2c)砂岩中呈现的各种颜色源于不同的矿物与岩屑,这些矿物与岩屑又来源于浅变质岩(牛头山地层Z1nt)。另外岩屑与矿物光性也是色彩多样化的关键性因素,例如,物质成分差异、特别是沉积物中杂质元素、微量元素差异,岩石矿物含水率差异,沙体(沙层)粘土矿物的吸附性等因素。岩石中矿物对阳光反射率的差异也是成色因素。而且充填物质与胶结物也产生不同的颜色。除此之外,其他次要或局部性的因素,如断裂、岩层错动、坍塌,成岩后期次生变化形成的假层理,漫流水体携带元素的染色作用,表层地下水的渗透淋滤,生物因素均使色彩复杂化。元谋土林铁质风化壳和铁质胶结物对土林有“伞状”保护效应。元谋土林在湿热气候条件下,不稳定的Ca、Na、K、Mg等元素大部分被淋失,而Al、Fe和Si相对积聚而形成浅红色的风化壳,残存于土柱顶上,像雨伞一样,为下面的土柱体遮风挡雨,减缓了水土流失速率,有利于柱体的稳定性。彩色膏林独特的膏盐化成景作用机制,是林柱形成及保存的重要成景因素。在元江这一干热气候条件下,膏盐渍化成景机制的特殊性,在柱体表面形成了膏浆状外壳,保护了柱体,使之不倒。在滇中林柱状地质景观形成条件和原因分析的基础上,对其形成及发育过程作了研究。滇中林柱状地质景观一般演化和发育的阶段均经历了三个阶段:第一阶段,海相、半固结河湖相或三角州相沉积岩(物)形成;第二阶段,地壳区域性的抬升运动,使该区域形成侵蚀性台地;第三阶段,地表水沿节理或裂隙,沟谷化台地,加深和展宽沟谷,使台地演变为各种林柱状形态。而且在第三阶段,还可划分为幼年期、中年期、老年期几个阶段。只是在演化的时代、演化进程方面存在差异。研究表明,林柱状地质景观的成景地层、成因、成景过程和成景作用等方面,蕴含了丰富的科学信息,只要提炼得当,可开展科考、科普旅游,以及生态旅游及环保教育等活动,实现多重旅游功能。林柱状地质景观形态特征,也是林柱体地质景观地质属性的外化反映。研究表明,各林柱体景观类型和景观形态、色调、意境、层理等方面既有共性也有差异。表现出不同的形态、色彩、意境,使其具有独特的旅游吸引力,为观光旅游准备了条件,体现了林柱状地质景观的旅游观光价值。在掌握林柱状地质景观基本地质特征与景观特征的基础上,还进行了比较研究。比较了滇中林柱状地质景观与国内外林柱的不同特点,及其相互之间的差异。对比发现,石林地质典型性、代表性突出,剑状喀斯特独特、罕见,规模、高度、意境均为旅游提供了优良条件。彩色沙林色彩的丰富性,中国、世界罕见。元谋土林总体面积较大,超过50平方公里,意境特别。彩色膏林有其特殊性,还未在其他地区发现,但面积较小,易为同质景观替代,还需大力提高其知名度。三、评价了滇中林柱状地质景观的旅游价值在全面的地质属性、景观特征分析及国内外比较后,滇中林柱状地质景观的旅游价值逐渐清晰。研究中认识到,影响滇中林柱状地质景观旅游价值的因子特性具有综合性、差异性、本底性、人为性、动态性、科学性、观赏性、历史文化性、经济性等特点。为了避免旅游价值研究的面面俱到,重点评价了滇中林柱状地质景观地质公园条件,论证了各林柱体符合哪一级别的地质公园,从中体现其旅游价值。研究认为路南石林位居世界地质公园之列,应是符合实际的,陆良彩色沙林以其色彩斑斓、危沙成林的罕见地质及发展迅速的旅游,有条件申报国家公园,元谋土林与元江彩色膏林成景地质特征独特,但旅游开发条件较不完善,旅游发展滞后,暂只作为云南省地方遗迹保护区进行建设;并按《2003年国家旅游资源评价标准》评价了滇中“四林”的旅游综合条件,从旅游综合条件看,石林属特品级旅游资源(95分),陆良彩色沙林、元谋土林、元江彩色膏林为优良级,但评分分别为76分、71分、62分,仍有一定的差距;另外,还选择柱体高度、林柱体面积(规模度)、柱体形态要素种类、柱体稳定性(侵蚀模数)、特殊度、优美度、景象组合度、地质特色意义等八个代表性强的特征因子为评价因子,对林柱体本身的资源特质进行了评价,评价结果显示,石林得分为9.5分,质量等级为优(一级),陆良彩色沙林、元谋土林、元江彩色膏林得分分别为7.05分、7.05分、6.10分,质量等级均为良(二级)。综合各个层面的评价结果显示,滇中“四林”有很高的科学价值、观赏价值、旅游经济价值,石林为优良级,沙林、土林、膏林为良好级。四、探讨了滇中林柱状地质景观旅游价值可持续体现的策略和方式为了更有效地体现滇中林柱状地质景观的旅游价值,探讨了人地关系对滇中林柱状地质景观旅游价值的影响,提出了人地关系协调及加强环境保护是林柱状地质景观可持续利用的重要保障。并针对林柱状地质景观的特点,提出了采取生物措施、工程措施及减少人为活动等方法来避免对林柱体的破坏的建议。例如,采用护根—护壁—排水—填缝—喷浆等方法保护柱体,注意避免过分人工化,并要合理控制游客量,实行核心区保护、适度开发的原则。旅游价值的体现也是一个动态变化的过程,反映在林柱状地质景观旅游生命周期的各阶段。研究表明,各林柱体均有各自的旅游发展历程,都要经历探索、开发、成长成熟到衰退的过程。本研究对滇中林柱体的旅游生命周期作了探讨,根据开发时间及旅游收入、旅游人次等因素的变化,判断石林处于稳定成熟阶段、彩色沙林处于快速成长阶段、土林处于重振阶段、彩色膏林处于探索与开发阶段;并分析了影响生命周期阶段变化的因素及量度标准,并针对各林柱体所处阶段,提出了延缓衰退周期到来,实现旅游价值可持续体现的举措,如地质公园化、科学知识旅游化、组织地质旅游线路、自然与人文有机结合的策略和措施。并强调地质公园是林柱状地质景观保护与旅游开发结合的良好方式,并建议石林应科学地建设好世界地质公园,沙林、土林要积极论证和申报国家地质公园;各林柱状地质景观要认识到科学知识旅游化的意义和影响因素,注重科学知识旅游化的内容、途径和方式,力求为游客喜闻乐见;统筹滇中区域旅游,考虑组织涵盖滇中林柱状地质景观与元谋人遗址、禄丰恐龙、澄江古生物化石群的地质旅游线路或其他旅游线路;滇中林柱状地质景观自然观光游要与民族风情、现代沙雕文化、地质文化、历史文化相结合,使自然与人文旅游资源相互融合。通过丰富、具体而有效的措施,使滇中林柱状地质景观旅游价值能得到发掘、体现或提升。  还原

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4m:K*|#p.?2\E0【英文摘要】 The concept of Forest pillars forms is not researched for in all kinds of articles, it is new concept or word; it summarizes a kind of tourism resources, which exist in real life. The paper chooses landscape of forest pillars forms in Mid-Yunnan as objective of researching according to need of researching field, There are two kinds of properties of tourism resources and geological resources included in the object of researching; it is also a kind of tourism geology resourcesFrom view of tourism visiting, "forest pillars forms" describes outside forms of landscape, means the property that has forest forms from whole view and has pillar form from individual view. From view of geology, forest pillars landscape, are also geology body and geology heritage based geological environment. Whether stratum, condition、action or natural life cycle that buildup landscape have relationship with geology. Geological properties affect tourism values embodying, tourism exploitation and protection must be...更多 also in line with geology law. There are the geology landscape of forest pillars forms have special tourism attraction, for example, sandstone pillars and peaks in Zhangjiajie, stone forest, Danxia geomorphology and colorful sand forest, earth forest, gypsum forest all give tourists comfort of vision beauty. Researching on its tourism values shall be based geological background; know deeply its properties of geology and landscape, research its form and evolution, common and individual properties, etc. stress comprehensive analysis and comparing research. Mix organically knowledge of tourism and geology; bring advantage of tourism and geology subject into full play. From view of geology landscape science and visiting properties, develop its tourism values. Seek for way of transferring geology resources to tourism resources, develop and protect it correctly under guide of geological law. Use basic thought and methods above, the paper stresses on several aspects as following:There are some geological landscapes of forest pillars forms distributed in the world and in china. For example, there is an earthy forest of tuff in Turkey. There are also tower-like, sword-like and cone-like stone forests of karst in more than 20 countries. There are more than 18 national geologic park having forest pillars characteristics. Wulingyuan quartz sand peak forest is well known by much more and higher forest columns. It was named as the world geological park and the world natural heritage. Danxia geomorphology is distributed widely over more than 350 places in china, the Guangdong Geopark of Danxia Mountain is most typical Danxia geomorphology, and there are lots of characteristic pillars in Danxia scenic district. In addition, there are more other types of forest pillars, such as granite forest pillars, forest pillars formed by wind erosion and forest pillars of Loess. Compared with stone forest, there are less sand forest and earthy forest distributed, they are belong to the outcome of water and soil erosion distributed mainly over Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet, Xingjiang, Ganshu, Jinling, and so on.The. extent of Mid-Yunnan researching region is not determined by principles of administrative and geological structure. But according to vicinity principle of distance united with administrative district principle. Putting south QuJing that is adjacent to Kunming into original Min-Yunnan administrative district. Therefore, the extent of Mid-Yunnan includes KunMing, YuXi, ChuXiong and south Qujing. Thus the geological landscape of forest pillars in Mid-Yunnan comprise the Sand Forest, the Colorful Sand Forest in Luliang county, the Earthy Forest in YuanMou county and The Colorful Gypsum Forest in Yunjiang. The four forest pillars districts have different features of situation, topography, geomorphology, climate, hydrology, ecology, vegetation, geological background and structure unit of geology. To certain degree, these conditions affected tourism value embodying.Geology feature researching on geological landscape of forest pillar forms involve in rich contents. Such as conditions of formation, natural evolution life cycle and feature of landscape forms. The result of researching indicates that there are some common traits of formation. For example, the pattern of superposed structure controlled the basic landform of forest pillars. The development of vertical joint is in favor of vertical leaching, vertical joints is also benefit to cut columns, the crust uplifting is helpful for denudation, erosion to terrace, furthermore, water erosion and cutting along vertical joints made the pillars form gradually.From view of geology tectonics, they are all locate in fault basin or sediment basin among plateaus, have deep and great rupture developing and controlling, the earth' s crust move violently, such as fault and uplifting, it made stratum breaking and developing vertical jointS。For example, The Stone Forest is under controlling of west JiaLiTong structure layer, number one sub-layer of east and south-east HaiXi structure layer。The colorful sand forest in LuLiang belong to Yangzi paraplatform macroscopically, locate on the edge of ancient NiuShouShan island, between QianGui platform and KunMing subsidence zone, locate also to eastern section of Xiajiang deep and great rupture, belong to new HuaXia tectonic system.YuanMou County locates inside to western section of "shan"-like tectonic. YuanMou Dongshan great rupture and its substructure control the earthy forest developing macroscopically , the rupture zone has character of stressing and twisting. It makes rock easily cutting and forming vertical joints. The YuanJiang colorful gypsum forest locates in JingShaJiang-Honghe rupture zone, on link line of Euroasia and India plate, also on the junction of gotectonic unit, because of controlling of AiLao moutain rupture zone , make early tertiary period strata of the colorful gypsum forest stress and squeeze, occur folding and warping, form fault and vertical joints .Vertical joints play important role in the course of forest pillars developing, vertical joints enhance weathering and water cutting down along crack, provide conditions for growth and separation of columns along vertical orient.The near horizontal occurrence of stratum is in favor of the stability of the sculpted forest pillars.The earth' s crust uplifting make sediment rocks and depositions in sea and lake raising , during depositions mesa uplifting, water flow down and erode along vertical joints, make mesa disintegrate easily, is helpfulfor formation of pillars. Water flowing act as sculpture worker during forest pillars developing, it is water flow that permeate and cut down along vertical joints, disintegrate whole terrace into separate, higher, enrich columns.The difference of lithology is the critical factor for forming scenery, The Stone Forest developed on the limestone of Maokou Formation in the Permian , had features of thick strata and purity, belonged to sea faces sediment. The strata of the Colorful Sand Forest in Lulian belong to Niushoushan group in Proterizoic era; it is weak metamorphic rocks system. Belongs to Ciying formation, which mainly is quartz sandstone, arkose, sandstone, siltstone, silty mudstone, sericite slate and intercalated with tuff and silicalite. Their depositional setting is estuary delta along lakeshore and proluvium-alluvial fan along piedmont. The stratum of Yuan earthy forest is comprised of loose substance of Cenozoic Paleogone to quaternary, it is thick sediment of lake and river appearance more than 700 meters.The stratum of colorful gypsum in Yunjiang is composed of varicolored gypsum-bearing mudstone, shale and sandstone of Eogene System.There are also other different actions for formatting scenery in addition to common characteristics. For example, Carbonation-solution action is an especial factor for formatting The Stone Forest. The action occurs on rocks containing calcium carbonate, e.g. chalk and limestone. Rainfall and dissolved carbon dioxide forms a weak carbonic acid, Calcium carbonate reacts with an acid water and forms calcium bicarbonate or calcium hydrogen carbonate, which is soluble and removed by percolating water. During this course, forest pillars under or up ground are formed gradually. This is a characteristic action different from the action that forms Sand forest, earthy forest, and gypsum forest. The origins of enrich color of the Sand Forest are very complex, a lot of factors may affect its color. The result of researching indicate that the dominant and basic factor is paleogeographic environment, the color of sand bodies in line with parent rock under paleogeographic deposit environment . Various colors presented by the sandstone (Ciying formation(N2c) derive from different minerals and debris in the rock, which come from the slightly metamorphosed source rock (Niutoushang formation(Z1nt); Debris and mineral optical character are other critical factors, for example, the difference of substance component, especially the impurity element and microelement difference in sediment, the different water content ratio of minerals and rocks, and the absorbability of clay mineral in sand layers all make color more complex, the diversified sunlight reflectivity of minerals in the rock is also a factor of color; furthermore, filling and cement in sand body also create different color, in addition , The other part (secondary) factors, such as fault and stratum dislocated and collapsed , the fake bedding formed by the secondary change in the anaphase of diagenism, the coloration by the elements carried by overflow, the pervasion and infiltration of the surface underground water, living things factor all may make color complex.The dissolving action of gypsum occurring in the colorful gypsum forest belong to hydration, it make gypsum reserve. Gypsum hydration is the process whereby a hydrate mineral absorbs water; undergo expanding and changing to become gypsum finally. Generally speaking, gypsum hydration action make easily strata leach and erode, it is harm to stability of forest pillars。But under dry and hot climate condition in Yuanjiang, the mechanism of gypsum hydration action become especial, form gypsum-mud crust to protect columns, makes it not collapse.The weather crust of iron feature and iron cement of Yuanmou earthy forest has umbrella-like protection result.Under humid and hot climate condition, most of instable Ca、Na、K、Mg elements are eroded faraway, but A1、Fe、Si element are maintained to form slight red weather crust on column as umbrella , prevent forest pillars from rainfall. Diminish ratio of water and soil erosion. It is in favor of column stability.On basic of researching on formation conditions and cause analysis above, also researching on their natural life cycle of evolution. The formation of geological landscape of forest pillars shape, especially the colorful sand forest, the earthy forest and the gypsum forest can be divided into three stages:Number one: semi-consolidated sediments formed in lacustrine and delta condition. Number two: regional uplift movement of the earth' crust made the area an erosion platform;Number three: following joints and cracks, surface water gullied the platform; cut deeply and enlarged gullies, turned the area into landform of all kinds of forest pillars shape .In addition, during number three phrases, according to geomorphology cycle law of Dawis, The formation of landscape can be divided into three development stages too:Young stage: sprout of columnMature stage: pole and forest pillars formattedSenescence stage: the forest and pillars starts to collapse and gradually disappears.But there are differences in term of evolution time and evolution velocity.Landscape shape is also reflection outside for geological feature of the geological landscape of forest pillar form in Mid-Yunnan, The outcome of Researching indicate that among themthere are different and common feature in aspects of type、shape、artistic conception、bedding, etc.On basis of understanding geological and scenic feature, contrast researching is made among them and other forest pillars. Firstly, contrast researching with forest pillars abroad is made, after whole contrast, contrast each other are also made. Such as karst stone forest and karst peak forest, earthy forest and Danxia geomorphology; Stone forest and quartz sand peak, etc. the outcome of contrast direct that the geology feature of the Stone Forest is very typical and standard in the world, is characterized by sword-like karst, its scale、height、artistic conception all provide good condition for tourism. The enrich color of Sand Forest is very rare in the world. Earthy forest and Danxia geomorphology have common traits and also have differences.The whole area of YuanMou earthy forest is bigger more than 50km, having especial artistic conception. The colorful gypsum forest has its special traits, similar scenery is not be found in other region, but its area is too small, easily substituted by other similar landscape, is difficult to be well known in the world. After whole analysis on geological properties, landscape feature and contrast researching. The tourism values of the geological landscape of forest pillars forms become clearer gradually. The factors that affect tourism values have lots of traits, such as comprehensive attribute, difference attribute, natural basis attribute, man-made attribute, dynamics attribute, scientific attribute, enjoyable attribute, historic culture attribute, economics attribute, etc . in order to avoid researching on all factors that affect tourism value, choose several important factors, they are scientific value, enjoyable value and economic value. These factors mostly belong to itself attribute, evaluate these values with quantity method and defined method, finally indicate that these geology landscape of forest pillars form have very high geological science value, enjoyable value and economic value, especially the Stone-Forest, the colorful sand forest and the earthy forest.Choosing the method of feature factors to evaluate view value of geological landscape of forest pillars shape. Eight factors are chosen as evaluation indexes including height of column, area of forest pillars (size degree), sorts of column shape, stability properties of column, speoial degree, beauty degree, cooperation setting of landscape, characteristic significance of geology. Each factor account for different weight in the index system of evaluation. The experts give score between 0 and 10 of each factor to each geological landscape of forest pillar. Then multiply weight by score to gain total score. The outcome of calculation show that The Stone forest is excellent, the sand forest, the earthy forest and the gypsum forest are all good, at the same time, according to data of tourism economics, the paper evaluate their tourism economics value, the outcome of evaluation show properties of tourism value are dynamic and varied.In addition, on the basis of the evaluation standard of nationaltourism resources, the paper evaluates that comprehensively their tourismvalue. The conclusion is in line with the outcome of feature factors method.The Stone forest is still on the top of list.Finally, in order to embody tourism values more effectively, the paper put forward the following tactics and measures: Construct Geopark, transfer scientific knowledge to serve for tourism, organize routes of geology tourism, tourism configuration and cooperation, protect environment of geology landscape correctly. Press on Geopark is a very well way combined protection of geology heritage with tourism exploitation; The Stone Forest should construct scientifically world Geopark, The Sand Forest and the Earthy Forest apply for national Geopark enthusiastically; understand significance, influent factors, contents, channel, methods of transferring scientific knowledge to serve for tourism, in order to make tourist enjoyable. Organize route of geology tourism including the geological landscape of forest pillars, remains of YunMou man, dinosaur base in LuFeng, paleontology fossils group in Chenjiang; viewing the geological landscape of forest pillars should be combined with tour of ethnic characters, peculiar tour of sand sculpture culture and tour of historic culture; adopt measures of maintaining water and soil, protecting roots and cliff, draining flow, filling cranny and painting pellicle, Paying more attention to avoid much more man-made, controlling amount of tourism reasonably , practicing rules of protection of key core, exploiting resources appropriately.  还原

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