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河流水权和黄河取水权市场研究 【作者】苏青 【导师】施国庆

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河流水权和黄河取水权市场研究水利论文0E;^:`&aN1@*?

2M T5S#IJGO2P0【作者】苏青导师施国庆水利论文#q9XVec"C"e
【作者基本信息】河海大学,技术经济及管理,2002年,博士

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【中文摘要】 本文首次就河流水权体系和黄河取水权市场进行了系统、深入地研究。 系统阐述了国内外水权研究状况。 研究了水权概念和水权体系。从人权角度研究了水权内涵;研究了产权的经济学和法学基础,深入研究了产权角度的水权概念、水权原则;指出水权客体是水资源和具有资源性质的水产品;对水权体系进行分类;分别研究了水资源所有权和使用权;指出水利工程供水权的实质是水资源开发经营权;讨论了水权主体的权利义务问题;提出并研究了区域水权概念及其实质。 研究了河流水权体系和河流取水权体系。提出了河流水权概念并分析了在整个水权体系中的地位;初步建立了河流水权体系。提出河流取水权概念并对其进行分类;研究了农业水权、生态水权问题。结合案例研究,分析了建立河流取水权体系的重大意义。 研究了河流取水权的初始分配,尤其是在区域间的初始分配问题。首先研究了取水权分配中的公平与效率观;提出了河流取水权区域间初始分配的指导思想和基本原则;着重研究建立了流域内区域间河流取水权初始分配模型。 探讨了基于水权水市场理论的河流水资源配置体制改革问题。结合对东阳—义乌水权交易案研究,提出了河流水资源配置体制改革的方向和措施。从理论角度研究河流水资...更多源配置体制的改革问题,以黄河为背景,运用博弈论对黄河取水权分配体制进行演绎分析;得出建立混合经济形式下的黄河取水权分配体制的结论。 研究了黄河取水权体系。简述了黄河取水权的历史沿革,并予以简要分析;对黄河水资源使用情况进行分析,探讨其特点,提出了建立取水权体系的目标、指导思想和基本原则;提出黄河取水权体系的基本架构可以分为基本水权和丰余水权两个层次、三个相对独立的取水权分体系。对黄河基本水权和丰余水权的确定进行研究;分析了区域水权及其作用;建立了黄河取水权管理体系;探讨了黄河取水权体系运作机制;从可操作性角度对黄河下游干流取水权分配的具体方法进行了研究;探讨了黄河基本水权和丰余水权的运动过程。 研究了黄河干流区域间取水权市场。对取水权市场进行了分类;确定了黄河取水权市场的研究框架;探讨了黄河取水权的可交易性,提出了提高黄河取 ..J。。了’、1-> 二儿.\水权可交易性的措施;将黄河干流区域间取水权市场分为黄河干流区域间基本水权市场和丰余水权市场进行探讨,分别对其市场主体、需求、供给、均衡进行分析,探讨了两个市场取水权交易步骤以及市场管制和调控措施;分析了建设黄河取水权市场的体制障碍,指出了其改革方向。 研究了黄河灌区水市场。简述了黄河流域灌区水权制度;着重就基于多中心治理结构的灌区水市场进行了探讨;论述了正确的节水观,对灌区节水行为进行技术经济分析;通过灌区经营者收益分析以及灌区节水激励分析,证明建立灌区水市场的外在机制是建立与之激励相容的干流取水权市场。 初步研究了黄河农业水权农转非市场。分析了黄河农业水权转非的类型及特点,提出了农业水权转非的价格补偿和其他补偿措施。 初步研究了黄河对外流域调水市场。指出黄河是对外流域调水最多的河流之一:黄河对外流域调水大致可以分为黄河下游灌区引水和引黄济*型两类;提出了规范对外流域调水市场的4项措施。初步研究了南水北调水权市场对黄河取水权市场的影响。从减少黄河取水权市场的需求和增加黄河取水权市场的供给两个方面进行了分析;初步研究了两个市场水价衔接问题。 研究了基于取水权市场的黄河水价体系。对水价理论进行了概述;对黄河水价的历史沿革进行了回顾;分析了黄河水资源价值的运动过程;从总供给和总需求的均衡研究了黄河水价总水平的确定问题;论述了黄河水价的计价方式及其特点,提出实行基本水价和丰余水价相结合的水价计价方式;建立了基于取水权市场的黄河水价体系。 研究了建设黄河取水权市场的技术实现问题。简要概述了数字黄河工程;分析了数字黄河水资源管理的基础;分析了建设取水权市场对数字黄河工程的需求;建立了基于取水权市场的数字黄河水资源调度和管理系统,包括5个分系统I6个子系统。  还原

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【英文摘要】 The thesis makes a systematic and detailed study on river water rights system and Yellow River water market for the first time.The domestic and overseas research on water rights is expatiated systematically.Water rights concept and water rights system are studied. The basic connotation of water right as a human right is studied. The concept of water right as a property right is studied. Water right principles are brought forward. It is pointed that water resource and water good must be distinguished while studying water right. Water right system is set up. Water resource ownership right and use right are studied. It is pointed that the essential of water engineering water-supply right is the development and management right of water resource. The right and duty of water right holder are discussed. Region water right is put forward.River Water Right (RWR) system and River Water-Taking Right (RWTR) system are studied. The RWR and RWTR are put forward for the first time. The status of RWR...更多 in water right system is analyzed. The agriculture water right and zoology water right is discussed also.The RWTR original distribution is studied. Equity and efficiency view in water resources distribution is discussed. The direction idea and basic principle are brought forward. Model on RWTR original distribution among regions is established.The reform of water resources allocation system is probed. The reform direction and measures is put forward based on the analysis of Dongyang-Yiwu water right transfer case.Yellow River RWTR distribution system is deducted using game theory. The conclusion is establishing new system integrating two economy systems.Yellow River RWTR system is established. The history of Yellow River water right system is discussed. The target, direction idea and basic principles are brought forward. The frame of system includes Basic RWTR (BRWTR) and Abundant RWTR (ARWTR). Yellow River RWTR system may be divided as 3 parts. Basic water right and abundant water right are defined. Management system of Yellow River RWTR is set up. Operation mechanism is discussed which include technique precondition, RWTR management, RWTR transfer, RWTR markets and so on. The concrete methodof Yellow River lower reach water rights distribution is studied.Yellow River trunk stream RWTR market among regions is studied. The research frame of Yellow River RWTR market is discussed. The exchangeability of Yellow River RWTR is analyzed systematically. Yellow River trunk stream BRWTR market and ARWTR market among regions are discussed including supply, demand and equilibrium and so on.Yellow River basin irrigation area water market is studied. Multi-center management structure of irrigation area is studied. And irrigation area water market based on multi-center management structure is researched. Tech-economics analysis on water-saving is done.Agriculture water right transfer to non-agriculture market is studied. The type is classified. The characteristics are analyzed. It is suggested that the compensation measure should include price compensation and other compensation measures.Yellow River transferring water to outside-basin market is studied. The market is classified as 2 types. 4 measures will be brought out to control the market. The affection of South to North Water Diversion market to Yellow River water market is studied. The affection includes decreasing demand and increasing supply of Yellow River market. The join of two markets is discussed.Yellow River water price system based on Yellow River RWTR system is studied. The general level of Yellow River water price is studied from the balance of total supply and total demand. New pricing mode combines basic water price with abundant water price. New Yellow River water price system is established. Some new price concepts are put forward such as basic water right commitment fee, ecology water price and so on.The demand of establishing Yellow River RWTR market for Digital Yellow River Project is analyzed. Digital water resource control a  还原水利论文`,D(eTWp

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【中文关键词】 河流水权; 取水权; 初始分配; 水权市场; 水价; 水资源配置体制; 数字黄河工程; 黄河
;Ve[j R0【英文关键词】 River Water Right; Water-Taking Right; Original Distribution; Water Right Market; Water Price; Water Resource Allocation System; Digital Yellow River Project; Yellow River.

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TAG: 河流 黄河 施国庆 苏青 市场研究
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